PROCEEDINGS OF THE TENTH WORLD CONFERENCE ON EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING
MADRID, SPAIN, 1992
Volume I, Volume II, Volume III, Volume
IV, Volume V, Volume VI, Volume
VII, Volume VIII, Volume IX, Volume X
and
Volume XI

PREFACE 

1. Damage in recent earthquakes 


1.1 General damage assessment 

Author  Title  Page No 
A.H. Hadjian 
5  
M. N. Farsi & M. Belazougui 
The Mont Chenoua (Algeria) earthquake of October 29th, 1989: Damage assessment and distribution 
11 
A. Malaver 
The Boca del Tocuyo earthquake of April 30,1989 in Venezuela 
15 
V. A. Lekidis, N. F.Theodulidis, V. N. Margaris & D.L..Papastamatiou 
Observations and lessons learned from recent earthquakes in Greece 
21 
T. Mochizuki, N. Abeki, T. Enomoto, H.Ishida, K.Takida, Y.Saito, Y.Nakajima, T.Kobayashi, R.G.Valenzuela, N.H. Angeles, B.D.Verdejo, A.G.Lanuza & N.R.Soqueño 
27  
M.Hayashi, T.Nishikawa, K.Saimi, Y.Miyauchi & K.Kasai 
Microtremor measurements in the disastrous areas by the 1990 Philippine earthquake 
33 
A.S.Taubaev, E.T.Kenjebaev, E.Hampe, H.G Schmidt & J.Schwarz 
39 
1.2 Structural damage 


Author  Title  Page No 
J.E.Ger & F.Y.Cheng 
Collapse assessment of a tall steel building damaged by 1985 Mexico earthquake 
51 
S.K.Thakkar& D.K.Paul 
Behaviour of old historical buildings during August 21,1988, BiharNepal earthquake 
57 
L. A. Wyllie Jr 
Analysis of the collapsed Armenian precast concrete frame buildings 
63 
V.Thiruvengadam & J.C.Wason 
67  
S.S.Rihal 
73  
A.Tena Colunga & D. P.Abrams 
Response of an unreinforced masonry building during the Loma Prieta earthquake 
79 
M.T.Phipps, J.O.Jirsa, M.Picado & R.Karp 
Performance of high technology industries in the Loma Prieta earthquake 
85 
M.Molavi & S.Eshghi 
91  
F.Jafarzadeh 
Civil engineering features of damage on June 20, 1990 ManjilRudbar earthquake, Iran 
99 
K.Kusukawa, T.Nishikawa, M.Umeda, N.Nagata, M.Taga & M.Nakanishi 
103  
A.I.Uzcategui & E. D.Thomson 
109  
K.Bargi 
Special structures, damage report of the Manjil earthquake on June 21,1990 
115 
1.3 Damage induced by liquefaction 


Author  Title  Page No 
T.Mase & K.Wakamatsu 
A case history of liquefaction from the Chibaken TohoOki earthquake of December 17,1987 
123 
S.M.Haeri & M.R.Zolfaghary 
129  
H. Kojima, K. Tokimatsu & A.Abe 
135  
J.E.AlvaHurtadoJ.F.Meneses,L.Chang,J.L.Lara & T.Nishimura 
141  
T.Adachi, S.Iwai, M.Yasui & Y.Sato 
147  
T.L.Youd, K.M.Rollins, A.F.Salazar & R.M.Wallace 
Bridge damage caused by liquefaction during the 22 April 1991 Costa Rica earthquake 
153 
2. Earthquake observation and data processing 


2.1 Instrumental developments and record processing 

Author  Title  Page No 
R.A.Merrill &A.Reyes 
A performance review of digital solid state accelerographs vs analog film recording accelerographs 
163 
J. G. Diehl & W.D.Iwan 
169  
A.M.Kakhnovskiy, L.Sh.Kilimnik, E.B.Egorov & V.A.Nesterov 
Development of stationary and mobile automatic stations for engineering seismometric stations 
177 
E.I.Novikova 
Instrument correction for a coupled transducergalvanometer system 
181 
A.Kumar, S.Basu & B.Chandra 
187  
C.E.Ventura & R.Blázquez 
Influence of system initial conditions on elastic and inelastic response spectra 
195 
S. Aoyama 
201  
J. J. Bommer & N. N. Ambraseys 
207 
2.2 Array observation 


Author  Title  Page No 
G.R.Darbre & H.Pougatsch 
Design and implementation of strongmotion instrumentation arrays in dams 
213 
K.Wakamatsu, A.Nobata, O.Kurimoto & Y.Yasui 
219  
S. Morichi, Y. lmamura & K.Taga 
225  
M.Yasuda, K.Izuno & S.Nakanishi 
Array observation system for aseismic design of Akashi Kaikyo bridge 
231 
T.Kashima, I.Okawa & Y.Kitagawa 
Dense strong motion accelerometer array at site with different topographic and geographic conditions 
235 
M. lida 
Strong seismic ground motion array layout for source studies: Three attempts 
241 
T.Iwata, K.Irikura & J.C. Gariel 
Estimation of effects of subsurface structure on ground motions using 3D array data 247 
247 
K.Tokimatsu, Y.Miyadera & S.Kuwayama 
Determination of shear wave velocity structures from spectrum analyses of shortperiod microtremors 
253 
C.H.Loh & C.S.Yeh 
259 
3. Seismic risk and hazard 


3.1 Seismicity and attenuation 

Author  Title  Page No 
J.A.V. Veloso 
269  
A.Dahle, H.Bungum, J.Havskov & B.Aspen 
275  
D.Procházková 
279  
L.B.Pekevski 
An investigation of the seismicity applying the method of extreme values 
283 
R.K.McGuire, G.R.Toro, D.Veneziano, C.A.Cornell, Y.X.Hu, Y.Jin, Z.Shi & M. Gao 
287  
K.A.Lutz & A.S.Kiremidjian 
A generalized semiMarkov process for spatially and temporally dependent earthquakes 
293 
V.Vives & J.A.Canas 
Anelastic attenuation and pseudoacceleration relations in eastern Iberia 
299 
L.S.Timiovska 
Determination of intensity attenuation of earthquakes based on probability approach 
305 
G.A. Papadopoulos & A.Vrachinopoulos 
On the reliability of the size assigned to historical earthquakes 
311 
V.Solana & J. L.Cervera 
An invariance problem in probability assignment of recurrence time for next earthquake 
315 
A.Bernal, F.Vidal, F.deMiguel F.Torcal, I.Serrano & P.Martin Bourgón 
321 
3.2 Seismic hazard methodology 


Author  Title  Page No 
G.Yabe 
329  
G.Woo 
333  
F.S.Wong, A.T.Y Tung & W. Dong 
339  
M. Mucciarelli, L.Magri & D.Albarello 
345  
Y.Hu & H.Y.Chen 
Probabilistic treatment of uncertainties from incomplete knowledge in SHA 
351 
S.Huang & J.Zhu 
A general algorithm for geometry probability P (Y > y  E;, m) in the seismic hazard analysis 
357 
T.Annaka & H.Ohki 
363  
G.R.Saragoni & H.Díaz 
369  
K. Matsumura 
On the intensity measure of strong motions related to structural failures 
375 
T. Iwata, H. Nakane, T.Tazo, K.Shimizu & S. Kataoka 
381  
I.A.Garagash 
387  
S.T.Algermissen & E.V.Leyendecker 
391  
H.Shen & M.Yener 
399  
C. Margottini 
On the uncertainties of historical data and their effects in seismic hazard assessment 
405 
3.3 Seismic hazard of specific regions 


Author  Title  Page No 
H. Thráinsson 
413  
R. Sigbjörnsson & G.L.Baldvinsson 
Seismic hazard and recordings of strong ground motion in Iceland 
419 
B.C. Papazachos, V. N. Margaris, N. P. Theodulidis & Ch. A. Papaioannou 
Seismic hazard assessment in Greece based on strong motion duration 
425 
J. W. Pappin & T. S. Paul 
The use of intensity recurrence to investigate regional variation of seismic hazard in the UK 
431 
G. Costa, G. F. Panza, P. Suhadolc & F.Vaccari 
435  
M. GarcíaFernández & J. A. Canas 
Regional Lg wave attenuation and estimation of peak ground acceleration in the Iberian Peninsula 
439 
K. Ishii, T. Sugiyama, K. Maeda & T. Okumura 
445  
M.AlHaddad, G.H.Siddiqi, R. AlZaid, A. Arafah, A. Necioglu & N.Turkelli 
449  
P.Godefroy, E.Leroi, P. Mouroux, Ch.Paulin,J.Ph.Rançon & B.Sauret 
Assessment of seismic hazard in the islands of Guadeloupe and Martinique (Antilles) 
455 
J. Monge 
461  
B. Q. Chang, R. F. Chen & P. Wu 
467  
S. Bottard & H. Ferrieux 
471  
A. CamposCosta, C. S. Oliveira & M. L. Sousa 
477  
D. Muñoz & A. Udías 
483  
A. Tento, L. Franceschina & A. Marcellini 
489 
3.4 Vulnerability and risk 


Author  Title  Page No 
S.W.Cochrane & W.H.Schaad 
497  
G. S. NecevskaCvetanovska & B. S. Simeonov 
Method for evaluation of the seismic resistance of existing reinforced concrete buildings 
503 
J. Petrovski, D. Ristic & N. Nocevski 
Evaluation of vulnerability and potential seismic risk level of buildings 
509 
Y. Tatsumi, M. Sugimoto & H. Seya 
515  
M. Matsubara, M. Takeda & Y. Kai 
Study on the method of seismic PRA model by utilization of observed earthquake data 
521 
Y. Mori & A. Asada 
Earthquake damages and characteristics of microtremors at largescale artificial housing sites 
529 
M. GhaforyAshtiany, M. Hosseini, M. K. Jafari,J.Shadi Talab, S. Eshghi & M. Qureshi 
533  
P. Gülkan, O. Ergünay & H. Sucuoğlu 
Earthquake vulnerability, loss and risk assessment in Turkey 
539 
M. Jara, J. J.Guerrero & J. Aguilar 
545  
R. J. S. Spence, A. W. Coburn, A. Pomonis & S. Sakai 
551  
M. E. Durkin 
557  
P. Bazzurro & C. A. Cornell 
563 
4.2 Strong motion attenuation 


Author  Title  Page No 
N.N. Ambraseys & J. J. Bommer 
675  
S. Xue, J. Tobita, M. Izumi & T. Hanzawa 
679  
S. Kinoshita 
685  
S. Nagahashi 
691  
Z. Huang, S. Wang & M. Lai 
Energy analysis for the nonlinear earthquake responses of structures 
697 
4.3 Synthesis of earthquake ground motion 


Author  Title  Page No 
D.I.Makaris, G.N.Stavrakakis & J.C.Drakopoulos 
Expected ground motion at a site based on hypothetical fault models in Greece 
703 
Y.Kitagawa & T.Nishide 
Prediction of strong ground motions due to earthquake faulting in Japan 
709 
M.Niwa, T.Ohta, T.Ikeura, S.Ohno, T.Nozawa & M.Takemura 
715  
J.C. Gariel 
721  
K. lrikura 
The construction of large earthquake by a superposition of small events 
727 
S. Hartzell & M.lida 
731  
A Herrero, P. Bernard & P. Mouroux 
737  
M. Kawano, H. Dohi, Y.Osada & T. Kobori 
741  
M.Tai, Y. Iwasaki & M. Oue 
747  
H. Uebayashi, Y.Takeuchi & M. Horike 
751  
S. Sawada, CS.Fu, T. Kitano & S. Yoshikawa 
Multievent inversion analysis for simpler representation of source mechanism 
757 
I. Suetomi, S.Nakamura & N.Yoshida 
A numerical study on characteristics of Q values in twodimensional inhomogeneous soil deposits 
761 
E. Reinoso, L. E. PérezRocha, M. Ordaz & A. Arciniega 
767  
B. Benito, D. Rinaldis, V. Gorelli & A. Paciello 
Influence of the magnitude, distance and natural period of soil in the strong ground motion 
773 
V. Caillot &P.Y.Bard 
781  
J. Kiyono & T. Sato 
787  
J. L. Alonso 
793 
4.5 Topographical effects 


Author  Title  Page No 
M.Horike & Y.Takeuchi 
Comparison of seismic motions in two and threedimensional sedimentary basins 
911 
R.L.Chen 
The local effects of curved and parallel soil medium to seismic waves 
917 
C. Zhao & S. Valliappan 
Effects of canyon topographic conditions on ground motion due to harmonic P and S V wave incidences 
923 
H. Takemiya & T. Tomono 
Topographical site response for harmonic and pseudoearthquake motions 
929 
S. Yuzo 
High frequency response of a sedimentfilled valley for seismic waves 
935 
F.J.SánchezSesma, J.RamosMartínez & M. Campillo 
941  
E.Kuribayashi, T. Niiro, S.Nishioka, K.Sonoda & T. Jiang 
947  
T. Suzuki 
953  
X. Li, J. Bielak & O. Ghattas 
959 
4.7 Wave propagation 


Author  Title  Page No 
S. Higashi & K.Kudo 
Propagation characteristics of seismic motion in Ashigara Valley, Japan 
1093 
F.J.ChávezGarcída & P. Y. Bard 
Is Mexico's long lasting ground motion made of gravity waves? 
1099 
M. Motosaka, M. Kamata, O. Sugawara & M.Niwa 
1105  
H. Yokoyama 
1111  
J.Zheng & C.Tamura 
A simple numerical method for the earthquake response analysis of surface ground 
1117 
A.Theoharis, G.Deodatis & A.Papageorgiou 
1121  
S. Yamamoto, Y. Hisada & S. Tani 
Simulations of long period strong ground motions during the 1990 Upland earthquake, California 
1127 
5.2 Insitu and laboratory testing 


Author  Title  Page No 
K.Takahashi, S.Ohno, MTakemura, T.Ohta, T.Hatori, Y.Sugawara & S.Omote 
1245  
M.Ichikawa, T.Nishide & S.Sakai 
1251  
I.A. DiazRodriguez 
Dynamic properties of Mexico City clay for wide strain range 
1257 
B.Hushmand, R.F.Scott & C.B.Crouse 
1263  
J.P. Sully & R.G.Campanella 
1269  
K.D.Pitilakis, A.Anastassiadis & D.Raptakis 
Field and laboratory determination of dynamic properties of natural soil deposits 
1275 
Y.Suzuki, M.Hatanaka, T.Konno, K.lshihara & K.Akino 
1281  
S.ChávezPérez, C.CalderónMacias, E.RomeroJiménez & J.M.GómezGonzález 
1287  
P.Jouanna, J.PTouret, M.Mabsout & M.S.El Youssoufi 
1293  
Y.Koga, J.Koseki & A.Takahashi 
Model tests of embankments on liquefiable ground using dynamic centrifuge 
1299 
A.Tateishi, T.Takayanagi, K.lshihara, M.Hayashi, S.Iizuka & S.Suzuki 
1305  
W. Henke & R. Henke 
1311  
S.Tani, Y.Takano & Y.Yokota 
Shaking table tests of embankment models reinforced with geotextiles 
1317 
T. Sugano & E. Yanagisawa 
Cyclic undrained shear behavior of sand under surface wave stress conditions 
1323 
H. Matsuda & E. Hoshiyama 
1329 


6.2 Numerical modelling 


Author  Title  Page No 
J. Penzien, C.H.Chen, W.Y.Jean & Y.J.Lee 
1619  
l.Takahashi, KYoshida & S.Nakai 
A study on impedance functions and input motions of embedded foundations by a hybrid approach 
1625 
J. W. Meek & J.P.Wolf 
1633  
K.Yoshida & I.Takahashi 
An approximate analysis method of embedded foundations considering backfilled soil 
1639 
J. P. Wolf & C.Song 
Dynamicstiffness matrix of unbounded soil by finiteelement cloning 
1645 
G. Schmid & N. Chouw 
1651  
Z. A. Lubkowski & J.W.Pappin 
Criteria for the validation of Oasys DYNA3D for the analysis of dynamic soilstructure interaction 
1657 
6.3 Embedded and earth retaining structures 


Author  Title  Page No 
A. L. Simonelli & C.Viggiani 
Some remarks on retaining wall design under seismic conditions 
1665 
A.W.M.Elgamal & S. Alampalli 
Earthquake response of retaining walls: Full scale testing and computational analysis 
1671 
M.Futaki & O.Sakaguchi 
Behavior of the cantilever retaining wall under seismic loadings 
1677 
A.S.AlHomoud & R. V. Whitman 
Evaluating tilt of gravity retaining walls during earthquakes 
1683 
W.D.L.Finn, G.Wu & N.Yoshida 
1689  
T.Inukai, T.Imazawa, K.Kusakabe & M.Yamamoto 
1695  
H.Kita, T.Iida, M.Nishitani & S.Noda 
Experimental study on countermeasures for liquefaction by steel piles with drain 
1701 
Y.Ohtsuka, A.Fukuoka, E.Yanagisawa & H.Fukudome 
1707  
T.Fujimori, M.Izumi, T.Tsunoda & K. Akino 
1713  
A. Imamura, T. Watanabe, M. Ishizaki & M. Motosaka 
Seismic response characteristics of embedded structures considering cross interaction 
1719 
O. Kurimoto, T. Seki & Y. Omote 
1725  
C.Soydemir & M.Celebi 
1731  
M.Hirota, M.Sugimoto & S.Onimaru 
1735 
6.5 Experimental techniques and verification 


Author  Title  Page No 
M.Watakabe, H.Matsumoto, K.Ariizumi, Y.Fukahori, Y.Shikama, K.Yamanouchi & H.Kuniyoshi 
Earthquake observation of deeply embedded building structure 
1831 
K.Toki & J.Kiyono 
Seismic analysis of nonlinear soilstructure interaction systems using a hybrid experiment 
1839 
M.Yoshikawa, G. Nozar Kishi & M.Arano 
Development of hybrid experiments for nonlinear seismic soilstructure interaction 
1845 
K.Mori,N.Hayashi, T.Kishimoto, Y. Kiyota, S.Nakayama & A. Enami 
1853  
S.Uchiyama, Y.Suzuki, T.Konno, S.Iizuka & A.Enami 
1859  
A.Ohtsuki, K. Yokoyama, M.Sato & K.Fukutake 
Shaking table test and 2D nonlinear analysis for sandstructure system 
1865 
K.Muroi, M.Nakamura, S.Uchiyama, K.Kitazawa, Y.Suzuki, M.Yamamoto, T.Shimizu, K.Nagai,K.Akino & M.Watabe 
1873  
R.Shohara, Y.Shinozaki, D.Sakamoto & I.Kurosawa 
1879  
E.Şafak 
On identification of soilstructure interaction from recorded motions of buildings 
1885 
W. Sarfeld, S.Savidis & C.Vrettos 
1891  
K.Ishimura, A.Ohtsuki, K.Yokoyama & Y.Koyanagi 
Swayrocking model for simulating nonlinear response of sandy deposit with structure 
1897 
D. MuriáVila, R.González Alcorta & J.M.Espinosa Aranda 
1905  
K. Moriyama, T. Minami, T. Taira & H. Hibino 
1911 
6.6 Foundation analysis and design 


Author  Title  Page No 
K. Uno, T.Aso, H.Tsutsumi, S.Kitagawa & T.Morikawa 
Dynamic characteristics of steel pipe piled well foundations 
1919 
E. B. Koreneva 
Seismic analysis of circular foundation plates of variable thickness 
1923 
S.Katano & T.Ogawa 
Insitu vibration tests and numerical analysis of embedded foundations 
1927 
H.W.Shenton III & N. P. Jones 
1933  
C.Navarro 
1939  
M. Horii, S. Hayashi & S. Kokusho 
1945  
A. M. Kurzanov & N. N. Skladnev 
1951  
T.Niiro, E.Kuribayashi & H.Komatsu 
1955  
Y.Fuse, E.Ashihara, T. Kikuchi & Y.Goto 
Vibration test of bridge pier with largescale grouppile foundation and analysis 
1961 
A. M. Kaynia & A. R. Khoee 
Impedance functions of strip foundations on fluidsaturated porous media 
1967 
7. Seismic isolation 


7.1 Fundamentals of seismic isolation 

Author  Title  Page No 
R.I.Skinner, G.H.McVerry. & W..H..Robinson 
Developments in understanding, analysing and designing structures with aseismic isolation 
1977 
V.Shustov 
1983  
E.N.Its & J.S. Lee 
1987  
J. N. Inaudi & J.M.Kelly 
1993  
H.Suzuki, N.Kaizu, M.Takeuchi & K.Takahaashi 
Theoretical study and development of new baseisolation systems for power equipment 
1999 
T.Nokamura, T.Tsunoda, A.Teramura & M.Ohhira 
2005  
K. M. Lei & A.G.Hernried 
Seismic response of equipment in resilientfriction base isolated structures 
2013 
L.Sh.Kilimnik & N.V.Bryantseva 
The effect of vibroreplacernent and efficiency of the baseisolation slidingbearing system 
2019 
S.E. Ruiz, A.Sosa & R. GonzálezAlcorta 
2021  
D. Way & J. Howard 
Rehabilitation of the Mackay School of Mines, Phase III, with base isolation 
2027 
P.E. Pinto & I.Vanzi 
2033  
JM.Eisenberg, A.M.Melentyev, V.I..Smirnov & A. N. Nemykin 
2039 
7.2 Control systems 


Author  Title  Page No 
A.Kirekawa, Y. Ito & K. Asano 
2047  
H. Abiru, M. Fujishiro & T. Matsumoto 
Modal seismic response control of highrise building by active tuned mass damper 
2055 
H.Kitamura, T.Fujita, T.Teramoto & T.Yamane 
Design and analysis of a tall building with an active mass damper 
2061 
J.Teng & J.Liu 
2069  
T.Fujita,T.Kamada, N.Masaki & Y. Suizu 
Active mass damper using multistage rubber bearing and hydraulic actuator 
2073 
T.Fujita, S.Takanashi, K. Matsumoto, M. Kinoshita & H. Miyano 
Mass damper with convertible active and passive modes for response control of buildings 
2079 
F Lòpez Almansa, R. Andrade & J.Rodellar 
Predictive control of structures with reduced number of sensors and actuators 
2085 
T.Suzuki, M.Kageyama, A.Nohata, K.Yoshida & T.Shimogo 
2091  
S.Fujita, T.Fujita, O.Furuya, S.Morikawa, Y.Suizu, T.Teramoto & H.Kitamura 
Development of high damping rubber damper for vibration attenuation of highrise buildings 
2097 
Y. lkeda, T.Kobori, K.Yamada & N.Koshika 
2103  
T. Arakawa & T. Koh 
2109  
F.E.Udwadia 
2113  
S.M.Qureshi, H.Tsutsumi, S. Kitagawa, S. Adachi & Y. Fujio 
2119  
S.Shimada, S.Noda, T.Fujinami, S.Nakanowatari & S.Jodai 
A study of applicability of vibration control to nonlinear structure for seismic excitation 
2125 
T.T.Soong, A.M.Reinhorn, Y.P.Wang, R.C.Lin & M.Riley 
2131  
H.L.Wong & J.E. Luco 
2137  
J.E..Luco & A. Mita 
Active control of the seismic response of tall nonuniform buildings 
2143 
Z Hou & W.D. Iwan 
Reliability problem of active control algorithms caused by time delay 
2149 
A.Tani, H.Kawamura & Y.Watari 
Optimal adaptive and predictive control of seismic structures by fuzzy logic 
2155 
K. Sera, T. Nagao, S. Sudo, Y. Kitakawa & Y. Matsusima 
A study on interbuilding coupling behavior with linkmembers 
2161 
E. Nishida, K. Suzuki', T.Yasuda & Y. Ohwa 
2167  
H. Shimoda, K. Ohmata & F. Okamoto 
Seismic response control of a piping system using a semiactive damper with piezoelectric actuators 
2173 
A.G. Chassiakos & S.F. Masri 
Modeling unknown structural systems through the use of neural networks 
2179 
H. Kanoh, N. Abe, T. Arakawa & T. Koh 
2185  
C.C.Lin, S.Y.Chu & L.L.Chung 
Direct output feedback control for multipledegreeoffreedom seismic structures 
2191 
7.3 Isolation techniques in civil engineering 


Author  Title  Page No 
M.Mezzi & A.Parducci 
2199  
A. Ercolano & N.M. Auciello 
Seismic verification of foundation blocks in bridge structures 
2205 
V. Micov, D. Ristic & J. Petrovski 
Seismic response control of RC bridges with isolation and energy absorption elements 
2209 
A. Grenier 
2215  
Y.Goto, T.Kikuchi & Y.Ina 
2221  
R. Medeot & L. Albajar 
2227  
W.Tanzo, Y. Yamada, Y.Uno & S. Nakamura 
2233  
W. Zhao, K.Qi, W. Zhang & Z.Fu 
2237  
K. Kawano, K. Furukawa & K. Venkataramana 
2241  
L.Li 
2247  
K. Miura, Y. Kiyota, Y. Suzuki, M. Nagano & K. Ishimura 
2251 
7.4 Isolation methods and devices 


Author  Title  Page No 
K. Hirata, T. Somaki, H. Tomura & K. Shirahama 
Evaluation of ultimate capacity for seismic isolation layer considering randomness of rubber bearing 
2259 
R. Shepherd & L. J. Billings 
2265  
M. Moteki, N.Kawai, K. Ishida, S.Yabana & O. Nojima 
2271  
K. Mizukoshi, A. Yasaka, M. Iizuka & K. Takabayashi 
Failure test of laminated rubber bearings with various shapes 
2277 
I. D. Aiken, J. M. Kelly, P. W. Clark, K. Tamura, M. Kikuchi & T. Itoh 
Experimental studies of the mechanical characteristics of three types of seismic isolation bearings 
2281 
Y. Morikawa, S. Fujita, S. Nagata & I. Shimoda 
Development of seismic isolation system for light equipment using friction pendulum bearings 
2287 
H.Yanbe, S.Fujita, N.Masaki & M.Ohta 
2291  
H. Sugimoto, K. Naruse & Y. Seko 
Design of 3D earthquake isolation floor applied to a large room housing computers 
2295 
F. Braga & G. Zampino 
2301  
D. J. Dowrick, W. J. Cousins, W. H. Robinson & J. Babor 
2305  
Y. Haga, H. lshibashi, H. Matsuzaki & T. Kato 
2311  
S. Kawamata 
Seismic control of multistoried buildings by means of accelerated liquid mass damper 
2319 
T.A. Sandovich & I.M. Izenberg 
Effective energy absorbing unit made of natural materials in seismic isolation systems 
2325 
I. Shimoda, Y. Takenaka, A. Yasaka & M. lkenaga 
2327  
S. Kawamura, M. Shinozuka, Q. Feng & S. Fujii 
Hybrid isolation system using frictioncontrollable sliding bearings Part 1: Outline of the system 
2333 
T. Niiya, S. Ishimaru, N. Yamaguchi & T. Hayashida 
2337  
T. Kobori, Y. Miura, E. Fukuzawa, T. Yamada, T. Arita, Y. Takenaka, N.Miyagawa, N.Tanaka & T.Fukumoto 
2341  
K. Toyama, K. Ishii, K.Igarashi, M.Sakamoto, N.Koshika, K.Sasaki & T.Kobori 
Application of the active mass driver (AMD) system to structural active seismic response control 
2347 
O. MitrovicJovanovic & D. Jurukovski 
Mathematical modelling of nonlinear viscous damping of dashpots used in vibration base isolation 
2353 
K.Maebayashi, K.Shiba, A.Mita & Y.Inada 
2359 
7.5 Experimental and analytical studies 


Author  Title  Page No 
F.Bettinali, M.Forni, A.Martelli & G.Pucci 
2367  
S.Y.Hsu &A.Fafitis 
Seismic analysis of frames with viscoelastic beamcolumn connections 
2373 
L.M.Guerreiro & J.J.Azevedo 
Seismic behaviour of base isolated structures with nonlinear behaviour 
2379 
A.Martelli, M.Indirli, B.Spadoni, F.Bettinali, G.Bonacina & A.Marioni 
2385  
M.A.Dashevskiy & Ye.M.Mironov 
Bases of engineering analysis of elastometric seismic insulators 
2391 
J.Suhara, M.Takeda, T.Tamura, T.Mazda, K.Yoshikawa, Y.Takenaka & E.Tanaka 
2395  
R.Mirghaderi & F.Behnamfar 
2401  
G.Serino, G.Bonacina & B.Spadoni 
Implications of shaking table tests in the analysis and design of base isolated structures 
2405 
K.Ishida, H.Shiojiri, G.Yoneda & A.Matsuda 
2411  
S. Fujii & Q. Feng 
Hybrid isolation system using frictioncontrollable sliding bearings Part 2: Shaking table test 
2417 
S.Ishimaru, T.Niiya, N.Yamaguchi & M.Kawakubo 
2421  
F.Olariu & I.Olariu 
2425  
B.Zhu & X.Xu 
2429  
H.Kosaka, T.Noji, H.Yoshida, E.Tatsumi, H.Yamanaka & A.K.Agrawal 
Damping effects of a vibration control damper using sloshing of water 
2435 
H.Yokota, Y.Ogawa, M.Saruta, Y.Fujita, Y.Nakamura, N.Satake & K.Okada 
Structural control for seismic load using viscoelastic dampers 
2441 
7.6 Base isolation of buildings 


Author  Title  Page No 
F L.Zhou, J. M. Kelly, K.N.G Fuller & T.C. Pan 
Optimal design of seismic isolation for multistoried buildings 
2449 
J.M.Jara, E.Vargas, C.Galindo, R.Gonzalez & C.Gòmez 
Seismic performance of buildings with energy dissipating systems 
2455 
H.H.Lee & Ch.S.Tsai 
Analytical model for viscoelastic dampers in seismic mitigation application 
2461 
N.Makris & M.C.Constantinou 
Experimental study and analytical prediction of response of springviscous damper isolation system 
2467 
F.Vestroni, D.Capecchi, M.Meghella, G.Mazzá & E.Pizzigalli 
2473  
T.Tanabe, Y.Ebara, T.Matutani, T.Ono, H.Yokoyama, Y.Yamada, AFujii, H.Tada & M.Takayama 
2479  
A.N.Lin, H.W.Shenton III & H.S.Lew 
2485  
T. LAnderson, R. E. Bachman & P.R.Grant 
2491  
Y. Mitsusaka & M. Miyazaki 
Development and application of backup systems for baseisolated buildings 
2495 
Y.Lou, M.Wang &Z.Su 
Research of sliding shock absorbing of multistorey brick buildings 
2499 
M.Sarrazin & M.O.Moroni 
2505  
T.C.Pan 
2509  
K.Hagio, K.Kitazawa & I.Nagashima 
2515  
N. Chouw & G. Schmid 
Building isolation using the transmitting behaviour of a soil layer 
2519 
8. Constitutive modeling under earthquake loading 


8.1 Soils 

Author  Title  Page No 
F.Oka, A. Yashima, M. Kato & K.Sekiguchi 
A constitutive model for sand based on the nonlinear kinematic hardening rule and its application 
2529 
M.Pastor, O.C.Zienkiewicz & G.D.Xu 
2535  
L.Wang, Z.Zhang & J.Wang 
The dynamic constitutive model of loess under irregular seismic loading 
2543 
S. Iai, Y.Matsunaga, T.Kameoka & T.Inatomi 
2549  
H.Di Benedetto, O.Hameury & G.B.Cazacliu 
Incremental constitutive law for sand: Anisotropic and cyclic effects 
2555 
ASaitta, J.Canou, L.Dormieux & K.Sab 
2561  
X.Y.Wu, K.T.Law & A.P.S.Selvadurai 
A constitutive model for Champlain Sea clay under cyclic load 
2567 
8.2 Concrete and masonry 


Author  Title  Page No 
W.C.Stone & A.W.Taylor 
2575  
P.B.Shing, H.R.Lotfi, A.Barzegarmehrabi & J. Brunner 
Finite element analysis of shear resistance of masonry wall panels with and without confining frames 
2581 
Pankaj & S. Parkash 
2587  
S.Oller, A.H.Barbat, E.Oñate & A.Hanganu 
A damage model for the seismic analysis of building structures 
2593 
Y.Itakura & A.Yagenji 
Compressive test on highstrength R/C columns and their analysis based on energy concept 
2599 
S.Hatanaka & Y.Tanigawa 
2603  
D.Galeota, M.M.Giammatteo & R.Marino 
2609  
H.Fukuyama & Y.Matsuzaki 
2615  
A.Y.Elghazouli & P.J. Dowling 
Behaviour of composite members subjected to earthquake loading 
2621 
J.M.Alsiwat & M.Saatcioglu 
2627 


9.2 Shaking table tests 


Author  Title  Page No 
F.Kumazawa & T.Okada 
Shaking table tests of reinforced concrete small scaled model structures 
2771 
T.Uwabe & M.Osada 
2775  
L.Taskov, M.Petkovski, L.Krstevska & L.H.Ryol 
Shaking table test of 1 /40 scale model of 105storey Ryugyong Hotel 
2781 
M. Petkovski, L.Tashkov & C. S. Bom 
Full scale dynamic test of the 105storey Ryugyong Hotel in Pyongyang 
2789 
D.Jurukovski, L.Krstevska, R.Alessi, P.P.Diotallevi, M.Merli & F.Zarri 
2795  
T.Inatomi, M.Kazama & Y.Murakami 
2801  
K.Igarashi, N.Inoue, H.Morishita, N.Nakamura & N.Suzuki 
Simulation analyses on the shaking table test of scaled BWR model 
2807 
J.S.Carmona, F.Zabala, J. Santalucia & C. Sisterna 
2811  
M.Demosthenous & G.C.Manos 
Dynamic response of rigid bodies subjected to horizontal base motions 
2817 
A. J. Clark 
Dynamic characteristics of large multiple degree of freedom shaking tables 
2823 
P.G.Carydis, H.P. Mouzakis, J.M.Taflambas &. E.A.Vougioukas 
Response of infilled frames with brickwalls to earthquake motions 
2829 
9.4 Steel frames 


Author  Title  Page No 
N.Bourahla & ABlakeborough 
2925  
Y.Takahashi, N.Nakamura, B.Kato & T.Saeki 
2931  
S. P. Schneider &C.W. Roeder 
2937  
S.Mase, Y.Yabe, H.Tsukagosi, T.Terada, T.Hirama & F.Ohtake 
2943  
C. Matsui & J. Sakai 
2949  
O.S.Bursi, K.H.Gerstle & P.B.Shing 
Analysis and tests of a partially restrained braced frame subjected to seismic loadings 
2955 
I.Kohzu, K.Kaneta, K.Suita & Y.Hyodo 
Inelastic response of steel structure subjected to two horizontal ground motions 
2961 
9.7 Reinforced concrete beamcolumn joints and connections 


Author  Title  Page No 
R.Dimitrijević 
Behaviour of semirigid prestressed connections of concrete structural elements under cyclic loading 
3127 
J. J.Castro, T.Yamaguchi & H.Imai 
3131  
D. R. Constantinescu, J. van Kann, A.M. Pradhan, H. W.Ashadi & J. G. Bouwkamp 
3139  
S.W.Shin, K.S.Lee & S.K.Ghosh 
3145  
K.Kitayama, S.Lee, S.Otani & H.Aoyama 
3151  
Sh.Morita, Sh.Fujii, H.Murakami & T.Yamada 
Bond decay of beam bars in joint region under load reversals 
3157 
H.Noguchi & T. Kashiwazaki 
3163  
I.Olariu, A. M. Ioani, N. Poienar & M.Cociardi 
3169  
A.Osman & A.Ghobarah 
3175  
Y.Owada 
3181  
G.S.Raffaelle, T.R.Gentry & J. K.Wight 
3185  
R.Yanez, T.Yamaguchi & H.Imai 
Bond performance of a lapping joint developed for precast concrete columns 
3191 
S.Igarashi, S.Nakashima, H.Kadoya & M.Suzuki 
Behavior of exposedtype 'fixed' column base connected to riser foundation concrete 
3197 
M.Saisho & K.Mitsunari 
Dynamic restoring force characteristics of steel tube filled with superhigh strength concrete 
3201 
K.A.Harries, W.D.Cook, R.G.Redwood& D.Mitchell 
3205  
K.Oka & H.Shiohara 
Tests of highstrength concrete interior beamcolumnjoint subassemblages 
3211 
Y.Sonobe, M.Hirosawa, M.Fujisawa, T.Iwakura & T.Kanakubo 
Bond performance of lightweight concrete beams with doublelayer reinforcement 
3219 
G.Monti & C.Nuti 
Cyclic tests on normal and lightweight concrete beamcolumn subassemblages 
3225 
9.10 Composite structures 


Author  Title  Page No 
M.Wakabayashi 
Research on earthquake resistant capacity of composite structures using high strength steel 
3425 
J. M. Ricles & S.A. Paboojian 
3431  
Y.Fukuda, S.Watanabe, H.Kami, K.Yoshida, T.Togawa, K.Yoshimura & K.Kikuchi 
3437  
R.Kanz, B.Schneider & J.G. Bouwkamp 
Results and correlative analysis of a composite two storey eccentric braced frame test 
3441 
H.Irnai, T.Yamaguchi & T.Kobayashi 
Seismic performance of precast concrete columns with lapping joints under shear forces 
3447 
J.G.Bouwkamp & E.Fehling 
Comparison of R/C and composite frames for earthquake resistant design 
3455 
T.Suzuki, K.Takiguchi & H.Hotta 
3461 
9.11 Masonry and adobe structures 


Author  Title  Page No 
K.Ishibashi, R.Meli, S.M.Alcocer, F.Leon & T.A.Sanchez 
Experimental study on earthquakeresistant design of confined masonry structures 
3469 
D.P.Abrams 
3475  
S.Chiostrini, P.Foraboschi & A.Vignoli 
3481  
F.Angotti, A.Vignoli, G.Giuseppetti & P.Panzeri 
3487  
H.Scaletti, V.Chariarse, C.Cuadra, G.Cuadros & T.Tsugawa 
3493  
G.C.Beolchini 
3499  
J.E.Beavers, W.D.Jones &W.C.T.Stoddart 
A hollow clay tile wall seismic performance program overview 
3505 
R.E.Klingner & G.Leiva H. 
Behavior and design of multistory masonry walls under inplane seismic loading 
3511 
G.Magenes & G.M.Calvi 
3517  
C.Modena, P.LaMendola & A.Terrusi 
3523  
A.San Bartolomé, D.Quiun & D.Torrealva 
Seismic behaviour of a threestory half scale confined masonry structure 
3527 
A.Pomonis, R.J.S.Spence, A.W.Coburn & C.Taylor 
Shaking table tests on strong motion damagingness upon unreinforced masonry 
3533 
H.Kato, T.Goto, H.Mizuno & M.liba 
3539  
R. Morales & A. Delgado 
Feasibility of construction of twostorey adobe buildings in Peru 
3545 
K. Udagawa & H. Mimura 
Seismic behavior of steel frames with composite beams by pseudodynamic testing 
3551 
G. Manfredi, A. Masi & S. Mazzolani 
Review of existing in experimental testing of masonry structures subjected to horizontal loads 
3557 
9.12 Dams and nuclear power plants 


Author  Title  Page No 
M.Bojadziev & T.Paskalov 
Analytical and experimental investigation of dynamic behaviour of rockfill dam model 
3565 
P. Paultre, J. Proulx, Z. H. Duron, T. M. Phat & O.Im 
3571  
A.C.Portugal & E.Sá Caetano 
Experimental evaluation of the dynamic characteristics of Portuguese dams 
3579 
P.S. Séco e Pinto, J. P. Bilé Serra, R.J.C.Cámara & S. B. Martins de Oliveira 
3585  
K.Miyazumi, K.Matsuda, T.Hosokawa, T.Nishiyama,N.Katoh & T.Masao 
3591  
M.Nakajima, H.Sato, Y.Karasawa, Y.Sasaki & J.Kawahata 
3597  
K.Ohtani, H.Shibata, M.Watabe, S.Kawakami & T.Ohno 
3603  
Y.Shimazaki, HAkiyama, M.Kato, S.Kusumoto, K.Fujita, E.Yoshikawa & K.Koyama 
3609 
10.6 Steel structures 


Author  Title  Page No 
T.Okada & K.Takanashi 
The resonance responses of steel structure with sliding floor loads 
4419 
D.A.Foutch, CY.Yu & Y.K.Wen 
4423  
L.Meng, K.Takanashi & K.i.Ohi 
4429  
C.Z.Chrysostomou, P.Gergely & J. F.Abel 
4435  
T.Hirotani, H.Taniguchi, M.Yamamoto & M.Izumi 
4439  
F.M.MazzoIani, E.Mele & V.Piluso 
The seismic behaviour of steel frames with random material variability 
4445 
K.Z.Truman & D.J.Petruska 
4453  
N.Scibilia & P.Colajanni 
4459  
A.Watanabe & H.Nakamura 
Study on the behavior of buildings using steel with low yield point 
4465 
L.Calado 
Influence of the crosssection of steel beam columns on the seismic design 
4469 
E.Fehling, W.Pauli & J.G.Bouwkamp 
4475  
K.Takanashi, K.i.Ohi, L.Meng & Y.Chen 
4481  
Y.Koitabashit, K.Ukai & Y.Kono 
Study on seismic capacity of superhigh tensile steel braced frames 
4485 
M.Tabuchi, H.KanatanU T.Kamba, M.Yamanari & H.Uemori 
Effect of joint panels on elasticplastic behavior of moment resisting frames 
4491 
P.J. Madas & A. S. Elniashai 
4495  
M.Nakashima 
Variation and prediction of deformation capacity of steel beamcolumns 
4501 
T.Hasegawa & H.Yamanouchi 
The effect of weak beamtocolumn joint panels on seismic performance of steel building structures 
4509 
10.7 Masonry, composite and wood structures 


Author  Title  Page No 
M.Teshigawara 
4517  
M.O.Moroni, M.Astroza & J.Gómez 
4521  
D.Abruzzese, M.Como & G.Lanni 
4525  
E. Karaesmen, C Erkay, N. Boyaci & A. I. Unay 
4531  
L. Boussabah & M. Bruneau 
Review of the seismic performance of unreinforced masonry walls 
4537 
W.Kim &L.W.Lu 
4541  
A.M. Pradhan & J.G.Bouwkamp 
4547  
N.Sakaguchi, H.Tominaga & Y.Murai 
Analytical model of beamcolumn connections between steel beams and reinforced concrete columns 
4553 
I. Sakamoto, Y. Ohashi, M.Inayama & H.Isoda 
4559  
K. Miyazawa 
4565  
G.R.Kingsley, F.Seible & A.G.Kürkchübasche 
Predictive and diagnostic analysis models for masonry buildings 
4569 
D. Liberatore, F.Braga, E.Mancinelli & S.Mazzolani 
Comparison of different material models in simulating masonry behaviour under horizontal loads 
4575 
D.Hum&O.A.Pekau 
Controlling seismic damage in precast large panel structures 
4581 


11.2 Earth dams  

Author  Title  Page No 
M.Yasunaka & S.Masukawa  Seismic response analysis of a filldam with threedirectional input of earthquake motion  4713 
Z.Xu  Analysis of longitudinal vibration of earth dam in triangular canyons  4719 
V.G.Breaban, A.I.Chiriac & M.C.Iordache  Numerical model for evaluating the seismic response of earth dams  4723 
F.RodríguezRoa, G.Noguera & J.L.Osorio  Seismic analysis of Melado dam  4727 
H.S.Sayed & A.M.AbdelGhaffar  System identification of nonlinear seismic response of earth dams  4733 
COlalla, V.Cuellar & J.L.Monte 
Application of the Newmark method to the results obtained from a dynamic
finite element analysis of an earth dam 
4741 
C.Oteo, M.E.Martin, M.T.Mateos, V.Cuéllar & C.Olalla  Effect of the construction procedure on the dynamic behaviour of the clay in the core of an earth dam  4747 
11. Special structures and industrial facilities 


11.4 Nuclear power plants  
Author  Title  Page No 
A.C. Pal  Seismic analysis and design of nuclear power plants  4911 
J.Mizuno & A.H.S.Ang  Seismic safety against ultimate failure of nuclear containment structures  4917 
T.Watanabe, M.Hasegawa, Y.Hayashi, N.Kataoka & M.Mashimo  Simulation analysis of vertical response of a nuclear reactor building  4921 
H. Morishita, M. Hirota, M. Mashimo, M. Hasegawa, Y. Hayashi & N. Kataoka  Vertical response characteristics of a nuclear reactor building during earthquakes  4927 
M.Kato, Y.Watanabe & A.Kato  Study on failure mode of seismic isolated reactor building  4933 
K.Sekiguchi, Y.Matsuzaki, S.Hashimoto & H.Kimura  Study on construction system using PCa composite members for large scale structures  4939 
C.J.Costantino, C.A. Miller, T.Cheng & G.Bagchi  Guidelines for seismic evaluation of nuclear facilities  4945 


12.3 Bridges  

Author  Title  Page No 
A.S.Arya, S.K.Thakkar & S.M.Bakir  Retrofitting of an earthquake damaged reinforced concrete bridge  5269 
K.Yokoi, H.Mizuguchi, H.Shima & R.Aki  Effect of second coming earthquake's waveform on dynamic behavior of repaired reinforced concrete bridge piers  5275 
S.Unjoh & K.Kawashima  Seismic inspection and seismic strengthening method of reinforced concrete bridge piers  5279 
M.J.N.Priestley,F.Seible & Y.H.Cliai  Seismic retrofit of bridge columns using steel jackets  5285 
C.R.Thewalt & B.I.Stojadinović  Behavior and retrofit of bridge outrigger beams  5291 
12.5 Special techniques of retrofitting  

Author  Title  Page No 
R.Antonucci & R.Giacchetti  Experimental analysis of a discountinuous walltofloor connection  5355 
G. Bureau & P.Kokkas  Seismic retrofit of liquid storage tanks  5361 
F.M.Lavelle & R.H. Sues  Seismic pounding retrofits for closely spaced buildings  5367 
H.Yu  The design inquiry of liquefaction prevention of foundation using macadam wells of pressurerelease and waterremoval  5373 
R.Reitherman  Nonstructural approaches developed after the Loma Prieta earthquake  5377 
T.Sano, G.Di Pasquale, G.Manieri & R.Sacchetti  Criteria of seismic strengthening of equipment of a hospital in Italy  5383 
N.G.Maldonado & L.A.Olivencia  Techniques used to repair seismicresistant masonry walls  5389 
D.C.Breiholz  Center Core seismic hazard reduction system for URM buildings  5395 
D.R.Bonneville & D.W.Cocke  Observed effectiveness of minimal seismic strengthening of unreinforced masonry buildings  5401 
13.3 Probabilistic design: Risk assessment  

Author  Title  Page No 
A.H.S.Ang, I.Yoshida, J. Fires, R.Villaverde, R.Schinzinger & I.Katayama  Seismic probabilistic reliability assessment of electric power transmission systems  5583 
T.Sato & K.Toki  Seismic reliability analyses of large scale lifeline networks taking into account the failure probability of the components  5591 
H. Kawakami  Earthquake physical damage and serviceability of lifeline networks  5597 
H.O.Soliman & T.K.Datta  Analysis of piping systems for nonstationary support excitation  5603 
R.E.TorresCabrejos & C.E.HuamanEgoavil  Evaluation of seismic risk on water supply pipelines  5609 
14.3 Characterization of seismic action  

Author  Title  Page No 
M N. Fardis & S. N. Economou  Variable safety factors for seismic design of RC  5771 
J.Grases, G.Cascante & E.Gajardo  Earthquake hazard mapping for seismic design codes: A new approach  5777 
R.Meli  Codeprescribed seismic actions and performance of buildings  5783 
J.Schwarz & G.Grünthal 
Harmonization of codes with respect to seismic hazard and seismic action
for structures of different risk potential 
5789 
M.Chavez  Seismic hazard and structural safety in Mexico City  5797 
J.Llorca, C.Huerta,J.J.LopezCela, E.Laso & EAlarcón  Recommendations on seismic actions on port structures  5803 
R.Cuvillo, C.Huerta, J. J. Lopez Cela & E.Alarcón  Recommendations on seismic actions on bridges  5809 
14.4 Earthquake design spectra  

Author  Title  Page No 
M.D.Trifunac  Should peak accelerations be used to scale design spectrum amplitudes?  5817 
A. M.Chandler, G. L. Hutchinson & J. L.Wilson  The use of interplate derived spectra in intraplate seismic regions  5823 
A.De Luca & G.Serino  Evaluation of displacement design spectra for base isolated systems  5829 
E. Miranda  Nonlinear response spectra for earthquake resistant design  5835 
H.Krawinkler & M.Rahnama  Effects of soft soils on design spectra  5841 
R.Radicchia, A.D'Ambrisi & M.Mezzi  Non linear responses of simulated accelerograms  5847 
R.Y.Tand Y.T.Chao  Construction of a design response spectrum from evolutionary spectra of seismogram  5853 
14.5 Recent developments and future orientations  

Author  Title  Page No 
A.A.Nassar, H.Krawinkler & J.D.Osteraas  Seismic design based on strength and ductility demands  5861 
W.Jalil  New French seismic code orientations  5867 
C.M.Uang  Seismic force reduction and displacement amplification factors  5875 
T.Kaminosono, Y.Yamazaki, M.Teshigawara & S.Okamoto  New design guidelines for medium rise reinforced masonry buildings in Japan  5881 
A.Surahman & W.Merati  Input energy based seismic design code  5887 
R.L.Sharpe  Acceptable earthquake damage or desired performance  5891 
B.Palazzo & F.Siano  A new proposal for a structural reduction factor formulation  5897 
V.Jeng, K.Kasai & A.Jagiasi  The separation to avoid seismic pounding  5903 
16. Urban planning: Microzonation 


16.1 Microzoning techniques  
Author  Title  Page No 
M.Miyano, H.J.Lu & T.Mochizuki  Method for estimating areal seismic risk potential  6129 
T.S.Wang  Mapping liquefaction potential based on SPT and SWV data  6133 
T.Enomoto, T.Kunii & M.Fujimoto  Estimation on the distribution of seismic intensity expected by ground condition for the seismic microzoning  6139 
W.W.Hays & B.Rouhban  Toward worldwide seismic zonation in the 21 st century  6145 
Z.Zhang & N.Tao  Development of probability bases of strong ground motion duration in the seismic microzonation  6149 
H.Hokugo & S.Ichihashi  An investigation of recent earthquake disasters from a viewpoint of urban engineering  6155 
A. E.Aktan  Developing a rational seismic safety policy for urban areas with ' fuzzy' seismicity  6161 
A. Del Grosso & S. Lagomarsino  Response surface models for local site response  6167 
1. Opening ceremonies  

Author  Title  Page No 
A. López Arroyo 
6339  
R. Blázquez 
6341  
G.Grandori 
6343  
G.Housner 
6347 
2. Closing ceremonies 


Author  Title  Page No 
T.Katayama 
6351  
R. Blázquez 
6355  
G.Grandori 
6359  
Th. Paulay 
6361  
R.Meli 
6363 
3. Reports of events 


6367  
6371  
6373  
6375 
4. Report 6fIAEE activities 


Author  Title  Page No 
Central Office of the International Association for Earthquake Engineering 
6381  
Statutes of the International Association for Earthquake Engineering 
6399 
5. Invited lectures 


5.1 Keynote lectures 

Author  Title  Page No 
V.V.Bertero 
Major issues and future directions in earthquakeresistant design 
6407 
J.M.Roesset 
Modelling problems in earthquake resistant design: Uncertainties and needs 
6445 
5.2 Stateoftheart reports 


Author  Title  Page No 
B. A. Bolt 
The state of the art in synthesis of strong ground motion for earthquake engineering 
6487 
W.D. Liam Finn 
6493  
J.M. Kelly 
6507  
A. Der Kiureghian 
Structural reliability methods for seismic safety assessment 
6519 
M.Watabe, K.Dan, T.Sato & T.Okumura 
6535  
0. C Zienkiewicz & M. Pastor 
6551  
F.Darve 
6561  
T.Katayarna 
6575  
A.Giuffrè 
Seismic safety and strengthening of historical buildings and urban fabrics 
6583 
P. E. Pinto 
Earthquake resistant design; Research developments in basic and in normative research 
6597 
Special theme session 1: International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction (IDNDR) 


Author  Title  Page No 
T. Katayama, R.Meli & R. Blázquez 
6867 
Special theme session 2: Second International Forum for Earthquake Zonation 


Author  Title  Page No 
W.Hays, R Rouhban & M. Herráiz 
Second International Forum on Seismic Zonation, Madrid, Spain, July 23,1992 
6887 
E.Noji, W.Hays & M.Herráiz 
First International Forum on EarthquakeRelated casualties, Madrid, Spain, July 23,1992 
6889 
Special theme session 3: Use of historical data for evaluation of earthquake risk 


Author  Title  Page No 
M. Stucchi, C. Margottini & D. Muñoz 
Use of historical data for the evaluation of earthquake risk 
6893 
M .Stucchi 
6895  
M.Bruneau 
Selected examples of unreinforced masonry building failures from past Canadian earthquakes 
6901 
S.K.Thakkar 
6903  
D. Liberatore 
6905  
A. Pomonis 
6907  
E. Esposito, S. Porfido &S.M. Petrazzuoli 
Seismic risk factors: Case example from an historical centre of a town in Southern Italy 
6909 
A.Moroni 
The use of damage records and coeval cadastre sources for improving the intensity assessment 
6911 
Special theme session 4: Strong motion records: Processing and data banks 


Author  Title  Page No 
A.G .Brady 
6915  
A.G. Brady 
6916  
B. Mohammadioun 
Characteristics of strong ground motion records obtained in Europe and adjacent countries 
6919 
M.Sugito 
Recent activities in development of strong motion array record database in Japan 
6923 
A.Shakal 
6926  
X .Goula, D. Rinaldis & J. Menu 
6927  
K.Kudo 
Strongmotion recording and data acquisition  A case study at ERI 
6931 
K Toki & S. Sawada 
6935  
B.Bolt 
6939  
D. Rinaldis 
6940  
D. Rinaldis 
6941  
YeongTein Yeh & HungChie Chiu 
6947  
A.G .Brady 
6951 
Special theme session 5: Turkey Flat andAshigara Valley experiments 


Author  Title  Page No 
W.D. Iwan, K Kudo & A. Roca 
6957  
A F.Shakal 
6959  
J. C. Stepp & C.H. Cramer 
A brief summary of the results of the Turkey Flat weak motion site response blind prediction 
6963 
K.Kudo & Y.Sawada 
6967  
Y.Shinozaki & K. Irikura 
Summary and some comments on results of Ashigara Valley blind prediction test 
6973 
N.C. Donovan 
Discussion: Site effects experiments (Turkey Flat and Ashigara) 
6977 
E. Faccioli & R. Paolucci 
Some lessons learned after the Ashigara Valley blind prediction test 
6979 
K. Irikura 
6981  
S.Iai 
6983  
P.Y.Bard 
6985  
N.P. Jones 
6989 
Special theme session 6: Lessons learned and socioeconomic issues arising from recent catastrophic earthquakes 


Author  Title  Page No 
G.W.Housner 
Lessons learned from destructive earthquakes Iran 1990; Armenia 1988; California 1989 
6995 
A.AstanehAsl 
6997  
A A Moinfar, A. Naderzadeh & A.Akhoundi 
Lessons learned from the 20 June 1990 Manjil, Iran earthquake 
7001 
M.S.Agbabian 
7009  
F.Krimgold 
7011  
J.Penzien & C. Stepp 
7017  
E.Rosenblueth 
Recent earthquakes: Philippines, 1990; Costa Rica, 1991; India, 1991; Turkey, 1992 
7025 
R.L.Sharpe 
7027  
G. Santana 
7033  
A.S.Arya 
7039  
M. Erdik, O. Yuzugullu, C. Karakoc, C. Yilmaz & N.Akkas 
7045 
Special theme session 7: Seismic design of a fixed link across the Gibraltar Strait 


Author  Title  Page No 
J. M. P lie go & A Lopez Arroyo 
7055  
A Ibenbrahim, L Dafali & D. Bensari 
7057  
M.A.Astiz 
Seismic behaviour of a bridge across the Strait of Gibraltar 
7063 
E .Garcia Gonzalez 
7073  
Ch. Seim & S. Rodriguez 
7079 
Special the,me session 8: Control of seismic response of structures 


Author  Title  Page No 
T.Kobori, K.Kubo, G.W.Housner, Y.Inoue, S.F.Masri, A J. Clark, H.lemura & J.Rodellar 
7090  
G. W.Housner, S. F.Masri & T.T.Soong 
7091  
Y.Inoue 
Stateoftheart report of active and hybrid control research in Japan 
7095 
7103  
S. F.Masri 
7109  
S. F.Masri 
7111  
K.Kubo 
7113 
Special theme session 9: Eurocode 8 


Author  Title  Page No 
T.P.Tassios & E.Alarcón 
7116 
Special theme session 10: Earthquake damage scenarios 


Author  Title  Page No 
B.E.Tucker & B. Benito 
Use of earthquake damage scenarios for cities of the 21 st century 
7119 
Special theme session 11: International Earthquake Engineering Research and Data Dissemination Centers 


Author  Title  Page No 
A. Roca & M. Vasiljevic 
7132  
Red Jacket Quadrangle 
7135  
M. GhaforyAshtiany 
International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology: Theran, Islamic Republic of Iran 
7137 
H. Kobayashi 
7139  
College of Engineering 
7141  
J.Donea, G.Verzeletti, P.M.Jones & A.V.Pinto 
European Laboratory for Structural Assessment (ELSA) (ReactionWall Facility) of the JRC.Ispra 
7143 
A.E.Shakal 
Data dissemination and research activities of the California Strong Motion Instrumentation Program 
7147 
K.V.Talaganov 
7149  
S. K.Tubbesting 
7151 
Miscellaneous 


7153  
List of participants  7159 
INDEX: Vol11 