Advanced Main Group Chemistry




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Prerequisites: CHM 441/CHM 345 

Course Contents

A. Topics for Self Study.

  1. VSEPR Theory and prediction of molecular geometry.

  2. Symmetry. Symmetry elements and symmetry operations. Point groups. Introduction to character tables. Uses of character tables.

B. Chemistry of Main group Elements.

Chemistry of boron: Self study: boranes, bonding in boranes, topology of boranes, synthesis and reactivity, Carboranes and metalla carboranes. Low valent boron compounds, organoboron compounds and organic synthesis. Use of 11B NMR in structure elucidation of organoboron compounds. Boron containing polymers. Borazine and Boron Nitride. Organolithium compounds. Synthesis, bonding and reactivity. Organo magnesiusm and organosodium compounds.

Chemistry of Aluminum. Aluminum Alkyls. Unusual organometallic compounds of aluminum. Including low oxidation state Al compounds and aluminum clusters.

Chemistry of Low valent compounds: NHCs and their analogous group 13, 14 and 15 compounds and the recent advances.

Multiple bonding in main group elements: Compounds involving silicon, phosphorus, bismuthetc. Synthesis, structure and reactivity. Recent literature on multiple bonding models among low valent compounds.

Inorganic rings and polymers: Siloxanes, Cyclophosphazenes and cyclophosphazanes. Poly silanes and Poly phosphazenes. Noble gas compounds. 



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  • Most of the material for this course will be accessed from primary literature viz., Journal articles. Some text books that will be followed are as follows:

  • Inorganic Chemistry-Principles of Structure and Reactivity. 4th Edn. Huheey J. E.; Keiter, E. A.; and Keiter, R. L.  Harper-Collins, NY, 1993

  • Concepts and Models of Inorganic Chemsitry. 3rd Edn.  Douglas, B.;   McDaniel, D.; and Alexander, J.  John Wiley, New York. 1993

  • Chemistry of the Elements. 2nd Edn.   Greenwood, N. N.; and Earnshaw, A. Pergamon, Oxford, 198

  • Elschenbroich, C.; and Salzer, A.;Organometallics: A Concise Introduction 3rd Edn. 1999

  • Inorganic and Organometallic Polymers.  Chandrasekhar, V. Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 2005




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