Research Groups  
     
  Environmental Engineering

Water and Wastewater Treatment: Physico-chemical and Advanced oxidation processes for water and wastewater treatment, Anaerobic Wastewater Treatment, Abiotic remediation of groundwater resources, Bioremediation, Microbial Ecology, Fate and Transport of Heavy Metals in the subsurface.

Aerosol Properties and Regional Climate Change: - Effect of aerosol properties on climate change, measurement of aerosol optical, physical, chemical and cloud condensation nuclei properties over the Indo-Gangetic basin; modeling their optical properties and effect on Earth radiation budget, Exploring linkages between global and regional climate changes.

Experimental: chamber studies on emission of fine particle from anthropogenic sources and behavior in environment, Fog chamber studies to understand the role of ambient particles on fog life cycle, simulations of aerosol charging and electrical conductivities in planetary atmospheres.

Instrument design - Development of instruments for aerosol measurement, engineering control of particles in ambient and indoor settings. PM1 and PM2.5 samplers designed, developed and evaluated at IITK.

Modeling and simulation of environmental systems: Air quality modeling and management, Fate processes of organic pollutants and parameter estimation, physico-chemical characterization of atmospheric pollutants, size segregated distribution of pollutants on suspended particles, source apportionment of pollutants, impact of agricultural activities on air quality, nutrient uptake by plants, soft computing techniques for air quality modeling and management, Knowledge extraction from satellite data, personal exposure assessment and health effects of inhaled particles.

 

 
 

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Geoinformatics

Geodetic GPS surveys: GPS data capture methodologies and network establishment, GPS data processing methodologies, Errors and adjustment, Seismic and other applications.

Satellite data processing and application: Optical, microwave, and high resolution image segmentation, Image classification, Radiometric and geometric distortion modeling, Software development.

Laser scanning technology: Airborne and terrestrial data capture methodologies, Flight planning, Errors in LiDAR data, 3D laser imaging and LCS measurement, Development of LiDAR simulators, LiDAR data visulisation methods and software.

Laser scanning applications: Propagation modelling using high resolution LiDAR data (sound, sun rays, GPS signal), As built mapping using terrestrial laser scanning of complex structures including heritage.

GIS applications: Innovative webGIS applications in archaeology, tourism, municipalities, land records.

 

 
 

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Engineering Geosciences

Fluvial Geomorphology and Sedimentology: Dynamics of large rivers and flood risk evaluation using remote sensing and GIS platforms, Shallow subsurface stratigraphy of alluvial plains, eco-geomorphological approach in river management emphasizing eco-system preservation and habitat suitability

 

Climate Change: Fluvial response of the Ganga river system to climate forcing over Late Quaternary period, reconstruction of climate in NW and Central India using terrestrial proxies in Satlej-Yamuna alluvial sediments, reconstruction of paleovegetation patterns from stable carbon isotopic ratios in sediment organic matter and paleosols.    

 

Geochemistry: Study both the surface and deep earth processes utilizing geochemical data comprising of major, trace element abundances, stable and radiogenic isotopic ratios in soils, sediments, and rocks etc.; data used to model various aspects such as hexavalent Cr contamination and remediation in soil, soil development, petrogenesis of rocks, and paleoclimate inferences etc.  Deep Earth studies involve numerical modeling to understand the mantle dynamics beneath the Indian Continental Crust.

 

Paleoseismology and Paleo-tsunami: Active (and paleo) tectonics in the Himalayan Frontal Zone and Andaman & Nicobar Islands, using remote sensing and Ground Penetrating Rader (GPR) data with a focus to identify & map active faults  and associated active geomorphic features in the Himalayas, paleoseismic and paleo-tsunami investigation to identity evidence of large magnitude paleo-earthquakes, their recurrence interval, slip rate etc.


 

 
 

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Geotechnical Engineering

Foundation Engineering: Optimal design and analysis of foundation systems, Analysis of underground openings, Pile foundations, Soil arching, Retaining walls and earth pressure theory, Pullout resistance of anchors, Soil-structure interaction, Interference of multiple footings, Railway geotechnology

Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering: Experimental and analytical evaluation of liquefaction potential, Earthquake-induced slope failure, Seismic soil-structure interaction, Effect of soil nonlinearity on structural response, Spatial and probabilistic liquefaction analysis, Ground response analysis, Dynamic behavior of shallow footings and piles, Evaluation of dynamic soil properties

Ground Improvement Techniques: Analysis of reinforced earth, Geosynthetic- reinforced granular fill, Beams on reinforced granular beds, Geosynthetic-reinforced soil retaining walls, Reinforced embankments, Nailed slopes, Geogrid-reinforced soil barriers of landfill covers, Granular piles and stone columns

Other Geotechnical Research Areas: Rock mechanics, Geo-environmental engineering, Numerical and constitutive modeling for granular materials

 

 
 

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  Hydraulics and Water Resources Engineering

Climate Change: Effect of climate change on surface and subsurface flows, Exploring linkages between global climate and regional hydrology, Engaging uncertainties in hydro-climatic modelling, and Eco-hydrologic modelling.

Surface water: Rainfall-runoff modelling, soft computing techniques (e.g. ANNs and evolutionary approaches) for water resources modelling and management, Knowledge extraction from trained artificial neural network hydrologic models for physical interpretation, Forecasting of Indian monsoon rainfall, and Regional frequency analysis of hydrologic extremes.

Groundwater: Identification of pollution sources in groundwater, Transport of reactive solutes in groundwater, and Metal extraction through heap-leaching.

Experimental Hydraulics and Sediment Transport: Hydraulic model study of bridge and associated river training works, Hydraulics of compound channel junctions, Flow past a dyke in meandering channel, Deposition of fine sediments, Detection of blockage in a pipe, Application of ERP in water sector, Scaling issues and transferability of laboratory models to field conditions, Sediment transport mechanisms, and Scour studies at bridge piers and abutments under free-surface and pressure-flow conditions.

 

 
 

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Structural Engineering

Computational Mechanics and Structural Analysis: Nonlinear Mechanics, Stability of Structures, Mechanics of Composite. Multiscale, Multiphysics modeling in Mechanics and Materials, Finite element/Meshless methods, Lattice-Boltzmann (LB) simulations of solids.

Earthquake Engineering: Seismic hazard analysis, Modeling of sources, occurrence and attenuation, Ground motion simulation, Study of nonstationary characteristics, Strong motion characterization, Near-field effects.

Seismic Analysis and Design: Structural response, Stochastic and nonlinear dynamic analysis, Seismic soil-structure-interaction, Dynamic stability, Effects of stiffness and strength irregularities, Damage models, Seismic risk assessment, Seismic protection, Base isolation, Energy dissipating devices, Performance-based design, Seismic performance evaluation of structural and nonstructural components and systems.

Risk and Reliability: Stochastic, robust optimization of structures, Uncertainty, Reliability of structures, Structural damage assessment, Hazard mitigation, Cost-benefit analysis. Time dependent reliability, Enhancement of sustainability of infrastructure systems under extreme events.

Structural Design: Design of steel, masonry and concrete structures, Pre-stressed and post-tensioned concrete, structural steel, other materials, Rehabilitation of aging and damaged structures.

Structural Materials: Behavior of concrete and cementatious materials and plastics, High-performance steels, concrete, fiber reinforced plastics for structural frames, Smart materials, Durability and deterioration of concrete structures.

Design and Experimentation: Static and dynamic testing of structural components/subassemblages, Pseudo-dynamic tests, Shake table test, Components and system models, Large-scale Structural testing, Nondestructive evaluation, Validation of simulation models, Retrofit measures for existing structures, Exploration of new materials and new structural systems.

Sensing and Monitoring: Experimental modal analysis, Structural health monitoring, Free/force/ambient vibration studies, Condition assessment, Distributed sensing, Real-time monitoring.

 

 
 

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Transportation Engineering

Traffic Engineering: Vehicular traffic flow theory, pedestrian flow theory, analysis of traffic facilities.

Transport Demand Analysis

Transit Systems: Vehicle and transit routing and transit scheduling

Traffic Safety: Motorist and vulnerable road user safety, use of advanced technology and computer aided systems for decision making, development and evaluation of interventions to enhance traffic safety.

Highway financing and policy analysis: Sustainable highway financing, risk assessment, public private partnership, analysis of alternative financing systems.

Pavement Engineering: Characterization of bituminous mix, mix design and recycling, analysis of pavement structure, optimal pavement design, pavement evaluation, pavement rehabilitation strategies.

 

 
 

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