UG Core Courses

Course Code Course Name Credits
MSE201 Thermodynamics and Phase Equilibria   (11) 3-1-0
MSE202 Rate Processes   (11) 3-1-0
MSE203 Structure and Characterization of Materials   (09) 3-0-0
MSE204 Introduction to Biomaterials   (06) 2-0-0
MSE 300 Professional and Technical Communication   (02) 0-0-2-2
MSE 301 Phase Transformations   (06) 2-0-0
MSE302 Mechanical Behaviour of Materials   (09) 3-0-0
MSE303 Electronic and Magnetic Properties of Materials   (09) 3-0-0
MSE304 Principles of Metals Extraction and Refining   (06) 2-0-0
MSE305 Materials Processing   (06) 2-0-0
MSE311 Physical Metallurgy Laboratory   (3) 0-0-3
MSE312 Functional Materials Laboratory   (3) 0-0-3
MSE313 Mechanical Behaviour Laboratory   (3) 0-0-3
MSE314 Process Engineering Laboratory   (3) 0-0-3
MSE315 Manufacturing Process Laboratory   (3) 0-0-3
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Course Number: MSE201
Course Title: Thermodynamics and Phase Equilibria
Credits: (11) 3-1-0

TOPICS No. of lectures
1. Introduction Introduction, Thermodynamics terminology 1
2. First law First law of thermodynamics and its applications 2
3. Second Law Second law of thermodynamics and its  consequences, Combined statement of first and  second laws 5
4. Statistical Interpretations Statistical interpretation of entropy, entropy and  disorder 1
5. Thermodynamic functions Auxiliary functions: Helmholtz free energy,  Gibbs free energy, Chemical potential,  Maxwell„s relations, Gibbs-Helmholtz equations. 2
6. Third law Third law of thermodynamics 1
7. Phase equilibria in single component system Phase equilibria in one-component systems:  variation of Gibbs free energy with temperature  and pressure, Clausius-Clapeyron equation, P-T  diagram 1
8. Solutions Thermodynamics of solutions: Raoult„s and  Henry„s Law, activity of a component, Regular  solutions, Gibbs-Duhem equation and its  application, non-ideal solutions, Sievert„s Law,  activity and alternative standard states, dilute  solutions and interaction parameters. 6
9. Reaction Equilibria Equilibrium constant, Reaction equilibria for (a)  homogeneous reactions consisting of gas  mixtures, (b) heterogeneous reactions consisting  of condensed phases and gas mixtures,  Ellingham Diagram. 6
10. Phase rules Phase rules and its applications, Lever Rule 1
11. Electrochemical cells Thermodynamics of electrochemical cells:  Relation between chemical and electrical driving  forces, Nernst equation, Concentration and  formation cells, thermodynamics of aqueous  solutions. 3
12. Free energy composition diagram Fundamentals of Free energy-composition  diagram for binary systems. Examples of  common binary Free energy-composition  diagrams: Eutectic, Eutectoid, Peritectic etc. 6
13. Phase diagrams Study of some common phase diagrams, such as  Fe-C, Cu-Zn, Al-Cu, FeO-SiO2 and evolution of  equilibrium microstructure on cooling. 5
Total Lectures 40

Suggested Text books:
1. Thermodynamics of Solids: Richard A. Swalin
2. Introduction to Thermodynamics of Materials: David R. Gaskell 3. Physical Chemistry of Metals: L.Darken and R.W.Gury
4. Problems in Metallurgical Thermodynamics and Kinetics: G. S. Upadhyaya   and R. K. Dube
5. Phase Equilibria in Materials: S.P.Gupta
6. Phase Transformation: Porter and Easterling.

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Course number: MSE202
Course title: Rate Processes
Credits: (11) 3-1-0

TOPICS No. of Lectures
1. Introduction to Fluid flow Newton's Law of Viscosity and mechanisms of momentum  transfer; Newtonian & non-Newtonian fluids; Laminar and  turbulent flows 1
Newton's second law of motion ; Navier Stokes equation; typical  boundary conditions in fluid flow problems; Dimensional  analysis of equation of change 2
Engineering Bernoulli's equation and application 2
Compressible flow in conduits; Mixing and agitation 3
2. Introduction to  heat transfer Heat conduction: Phenomenological description , thermal  conductivity and dependence on composition and temperature;  generalized heat conduction equation and boundary conditions .  Solution of steady and 1D unsteady state solution for slab , semi  infinite geometry; Heat flow through composite layers 2
Convective heat transfer (laminar and Turbulent); Heat transfer  coefficient ; Free and forced convention ; important heat transfer  correlations 1
Radiative heat transfer : Radiation rate law, Black and grey  bodies, Kirchoff's identity 0.5
Heat exchange between surfaces : radiation view factors; heat  exchange between grey surfaces ; concept of surface and space  resistances 1
Selective examples from Met processes including: Thermal  insulation in materials processing reactors, Melting , Quenching  and Radiative losses at high temperature from furnaces and  other reactors. 3.5
3. Introduction to  mass transfer Molecular diffusion : Phenomenological description, mass  diffusivity and its analogy with momentum and thermal  diffusivity, temperature dependence of diffusion coefficient  Diffusion in solids : generalized diffusion equation , the steady  and transient, 1D solutions; Uphill diffusion; Kirkendal's effect 3
Convective mass transfer; The concept of mass transfer  coefficient, mass transfer correlations and dimensionless groups  in free and forced mass transfer; mass transfer in laminar and turbulent flow 1
Interface mass transfer: mass transfer between two fluids ; film  and interface renewal theories 1
Selective examples from Met processes including : carburizing,  Dissolution, doping and gas permeation 3
4. Mass transfer with Chemical  reaction Interfacial chemical reaction preceded by adsorption; ideal  adsorption isotherms; Phenomenological description of  Chemical reaction controlled phenomena and mixed  controlled phenomena. 3
5. Introduction to Heterogeneous 
Reaction Kinetics
General characteristics of heterogeneous chemical reaction ;  Activation energy and temperature dependence; rate limiting  steps: mass transfer controlled and chemical reaction controlled  processes; Study of over all resistance to mass transfer ;  Boundary layer mass transfer controlled, chemical reaction  controlled and mixed controlled phenomena) 3
6. Simultaneous Heat and Mass Transfer with Chemical reactions Elucidation through Gas carburizing process; Discussion on  solidification phenomena (formation of gas bubbles during  solidification), post combustion in steelmaking 4
7. Introduction to Electrochemical Kinetics Basic principles : concept of polarization; activation over  potential; Butler-Volmer and Tafel's equation; concentration  over potential, limiting current concept an application 3
Applications of electrochemical kinetics to corrosio n and  passivation 3
Total Lectures 40

Suggested Text books:
1. Engineering in Process Metallurgy: R. Guthrie, Oxford Scientific Publications 
2. Transport Phenomena in Metallurgy: GH Geiger and DR Poirier; TMS publication
3. Kinetic and metallurgical processes: Fathi Habashi
4. Mass transport in solids and fluids: DS Wilkinson, Cambridge solid state science series.

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Course Number: MSE203
Course Title: Structure and Characterization of Materials
Credits: (09) 3-0-0

TOPICS No. of Lectures
1. Introduction Bond types- structural descriptors of bonded 
2. Crystalline State Crystallography of 2D: Translational symmetry
reflection and glide symmetr,
Rotational symmetry: Proper rotation axes
Quasicrystals: aperiodic tiling patterns; Icosahedral, structures
Plane point groups: combination of reflections and rotations
Five distinct plane lattices and 17 plane groups
International convention for plane groups
Crystallography of 3D: Inversion, rotoinversion,  rotoreflection, screw axis. 
Stereographic projection fundamentals 
Basis for the 32 crystallographic point groups 
International notations and conventions for 
representation of point groups 
Space lattices: Bravais lattices and crystal system  Space groups: Derivation and international table for  crystallography 
Important crystal structures like Rocksalt, fluorite,  zinc blende, antifluorite, perovskite etc to be 
3. Non-crystalline  state Generic descriptors: short-range order, glass 
transition, pair-distribution Function , Hard sphere  model
Liquid crystalline state - Structural classes, Concept  of isotropic and anisotropic liquid crystals,
4. Microstructures Structural hierarchies: Nano-, micro-, meso-, macro structures Discussion with illustrative examples 
Deformation structures.
Transformation microstructures: solidification, solid solid, composite structures 
Fundamentals of stereology and application to 
microstructural analysis
5. X-ray Diffraction The laue equations and Bragg‟s law 
Reciprocal space, Ewald sphere construction 
X-diffraction methods: Powder diffraction, single  crystal laue diffraction, rotating single crystal method,  Thin film analysis 
Scherrer formula and grain size determination
Diffraction analysis: Atomic scattering factors, 
scattering by the unit cell, Structure factor, diffraction  intensities.
6. Electron 
Wave properties of electron, electron-matter 
Interactions, Ring patterns, spot patterns, Laue zones
7. Optical 
Fundamentals of Imaging: magnification, resolution,  depth of field and depth of focus
Image contrast – special microscopy techniques
8.Scanning electron  microscope Fundamentals principles of SEM 
SE and BSE imaging modes, X-ray mapping
Fractography and failure analysis
electron microscope
Resolution limitation and lens aberrations 
The origin of contrast: mass-thickness contrast, 
diffraction contrast and crystal defect analysis 
BF, DF, Weak beam DF images 
Phase contrast and lattice imaging
10. Surface analysis  technique RBS, STM, AFM etc. 2
 Total lectures 42

Suggested Text books:
1. Elements of X-ray diffraction, B.D. Cullity and S.R. Stocks, Addison-Weiley Publishing Co.
2. Introduction to solids, L.V. Azaroff, McGraw-Hill Book Company
3. Elementary Crystallography by M.J. Buerger
4. The structure of materials, S.M. Allen and E. L. Thomas, John Wiley and Sons, 1998
5. Crystals and Crystal structures, R.J.D. Tilley, John Wiley and Sons, 2006
6. Fundamentals of Materials Science-the microstructure-property relationship using metals as model systems, E.J. Mittemeijer, Springer, 2010
7. Microstructural Characterization of Materials - D. Brandon and W.D. Kaplan, John Wiley and Sons, 2008

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Course Number: MSE204
Course Title: Introduction to Biomaterials
Credits: (06) 2-0-0

TOPICS No. of 
1. Introduction to Biomaterials Introduction to materials at the interface with biological  sciences 2
Social, Environmental & Ethical Issue 1
2. Classification of biomaterials a) Response Based: Bioinert/ Bioactive/ Bioresorbable
b) Material Based: Bioceramic/ Biopolymer/ Biometallic
c) Application Based: Structural (Bone replacement  materials, dental biomaterials, cardiovascular biomaterials, total hip and knee replacement), Non structural (drug-delivery/ sensing/ surface modification)
Concept of biocompatibility:
- Definition
- Immune response
- Testing (in vitro/ in vivo)
3. Structure Property  correlation - Biomimetics
- Introduction to structure and properties of proteins,  biological cells and tissues
Biological phenomenon on material surfaces
- Protein adsorption isotherms
- Kinetics of cell-material interaction
- Bacterial adhesion and kinetics of biofilm formation
Principles of various surface Characterization techniques: Atomic force microscopy, fluorescence microscopy,  tensiometer (contact angle measurement), quartz crystal  microbalance 2
4. Processing and properties of biocompatible  materials - Quantification of structure-property correlation  - Bioglass/ Glass-ceramics
- Macroporous scaffolds
- Biodegradable polymers
- Biocomposites
- Thin films and coatings
5. Surface engineering & case-studies Surface Engineering
- Micro-contact printing 
- Layer-by-layer assembly/ Functionalization  Case Study
- Self-assembly: Thermodynamics and kinetics  aspects
- Drug-delivery/ Bio-responsive surfaces
- Articulating joints
- Dental restorative applications
- Cardiovascular patches/ heart valves
Total Lectures 27

Suggested Text books:
1. Biomaterials Science: An introduction to Materials in Medicine, Edited by Ratner, Hoffman, Schoen and Lemons, Second Edition: Elsevier Academic Press, 2004.
2. Biological Performance of Materials: Fundamentals of Biocompatibility, Janathan Black, Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York and Basel, 1981.

Reference material:
1. Biomaterials: Principles and Applications Joon B. Park (Editor), Joseph D. Bronzino (Editor) CRC Press
2. Materials Characterization Techniques; Sam Zhang, Lin Li, Ashok Kumar; CRC press, (2008)
3. Advanced Biomaterials: Fundamentals, Processing and Applications; Ed. B. Basu, D. Katti and Ashok Kumar; John Wiley & Sons, Inc., USA (
4. Biomaterials Science and Biocompatability, Fredrick H. Silver and David L. Christiansen, Piscataway, Springer, New Jersey.
5 Advanced Structural Ceramics: B. Basu and K. Balani, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., USA, 2011.

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Course Number: MSE300
Course Title: Professional and Technical Communication
Credits: (02) 0-0-2-2

Importance of professional communication, effective communication, channels of communication: written, oral and appearance. Reading skills: inculcating values/character. Writing skills: expression, clarity, and crispness. Reading and writing on a daily basis. Plagiarism. Technical writing (paper, thesis, report, letters, etc) and its components. Presentation skills: oral, report writing, group discussions, time management.

MSE 300 Professional and Technical Communication:

1. Importance of professional/technical communication
2. Domains: Thesis/Report writing, Paper writing, Business letters, job letters, résumé, etc.
3. Plagiarism: Importance, what is it and how to keep a check
4. Projects/Assignments: Oral talks, Group discussions, Preparing report, Presentation skills, and time management (on selecting contents, highlighting novelty, using visual aids and providing illustrations)

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Course Number: MSE301
Course Title: Phase Transformations
Credits: (06) 2-0-0

Sl. No. Topics No. of 
1. Introduction Introduction and classification of phase transformations. 1
2. Gibbs free 
energy change 
Calculation of Gv for various transformations (polymorphic &  solidification, precipitation, massive, eutectic & eutectoid) 2
3. Interfaces Nature of inter-phase interfaces and their energies. 2
4. Nucleation Theory of nucleation, Homogeneous and heterogeneous  nucleation (surfaces, grain boundaries, edges and corners,  dislocations). 4
5. Growth Theory of thermally activated growth, interface controlled  growth (polymorphic and massive), diffusion controlled growth  (one and three dimensional), coupled growth (eutectoid and  discontinuous precipitation). 4
6. Transformation  kinetics Theory of Transformation Kinetics, Johnson-Mehl and Avrami  Models. Isothermal Transformation diagrams. 2
7. Precipitation Precipitation and precipitation hardening (Al-Cu), Oswald  ripening. 2
8. Recrystallisation
and grain 
Recrystallisation and grain growth. 2
9. Martensitic 
Martensitic transformations. 2
10. Isothermal and  continuous 
Isothermal and continuous cooling transformation diagrams for  steels and basis of heat treatment. 2
11. Spinodal 
Spinodal decomposition. 1
12. Solidification Solidification: pure metals and alloys, constitutional super cooling, denderitic growth, eutectic solidification 4
Total lectures 28

Suggested text books:

1. Phase Transformations in Materials by R. C. Sharma, CBS Publishers, New Delhi
2. Solid State Transformations by V. Raghavan, Prentice-Hall of India, New Delhi

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Course Number: MSE302
Course Title: Mechanical Behaviour of Materials
Credits: (09) 3-0-0

TOPICS No. of Lectures
1. Elasticity Elastic constants and atomistic origin 1
State of stress in 2D/3D: Mohr circle, transformation  of stress, stress tensor 3
Strain Tensor, Elastic Stress-strain relations 1
Isotropic versus Non-Isotropic Materials 1
Non-Liner Elasticity (eg., polymers) and  Viscoelasticity 1
2. Plasticity Yield Criteria: Von Mises, and Tresca 1
Tensile Stress-Strain Curve 1
Single Crystal Slip 1
Theoretical shear strength: Dislocations & Twins 1
3. Dislocations Types, Burgers Vectors, Slip Systems 2
Dislocation Motion: jogs, kinks, cross-slip, climb,  Peierls Stress 2
Stress Field of dislocation (derivation) 1
Forces on dislocations, dislocation multiplication 1
Interaction of Dislocations with other dislocations,  Point defects, Grain boundaries, Mechanism of  Work-Hardening 4
Dislocation dissociation, Stacking faults, Twins  (deformation twins), sessile dislocations 2
4. Applications Strengthening Mechanisms :
- yield point phenomena, strain aging, solid  solution strengthening, strengthening from  fine particles, grain size strengthening, work  hardening, heat treatment
Fracture and Fatigue 
- Fracture Mechanisms in Metals and ceramics
- Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanics, Griffith‟s criteria, fracture toughness
- Environmentally Assisted Fracture (e.g.,  SCC, Hydrogen Embrittlement)
- Fatigue Mechanisms, Fatigue Testing, S/N  Curve
- Fatigue Crack Propagation (LEFM)

Creep :
- Creep Mechanisms: Diffusion Creep, Dislocation Creep
- Correlation between properties and  performance: parametric models
- Deformation Mechanism Maps

  Case Studies :
- Examples from elasticity, plasticity, fracture,  fatigue and creep life prediction
Total Lectures 40

Suggested text books:

1. Mechanical Behaviour of Materials, M.A. Meyers and K.K. Chawla
2. Introduction to Dislocations, Hull and Bacon

Reference Material:

1. Mechanical Metallurgy, G.E. Dieter
2. Mechanical Behavior of Materials, Courtney
3. Theory of Elasticity, Timoshenko
4. An Introduction to Mechanics of Solids, S.H. Crandall and N.C. Dahl
5. Deformation and Fracture Mechanics, R.W. Hertzberg
6. Mechanical Testing, Metals Handbook
7. Recrystallization and Related Annealing Phenomena, F.J. Humphreys

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Course Number: MSE303
Course Title: Electronic and Magnetic Properties of Materials
Credits: (09) 3-0-0

TOPICS No. of 
1. Introduction to electronic structure Review of quantum mechanics: Electron as waves and particles;  Wave-function; Electron as a plane-wave, Operators; Schrodinger  Equation, Wave-vector (k); Energy of free-electron as a function  of wave-vector k ( - k diagram, a parabola), k-space; Density-of  states [g()]; Fermi-sphere, -energy, -surface, -temperature, and -velocity  3
Electrons in a solid following Fermi-Dirac distribution; DC  conductivity in metals 2
2. Electronic structure in crystalline materials Lattice; Bravais-Lattice; Wigner-Seitz cell; k-space: Reciprocal  space; Reciprocal lattice and it‟s connection to its direct-lattice,  Brillouin zone; Von-Lau condition of Bragg diffraction and  boundaries of Brillouin-zone being the Bragg-Planes  2
Electrons in a periodic-potential; Bloch Theorem, Kronig-Penny  model; Origin of energy bands and band-gap; Free electron band  diagram, Extended-, Periodic and reduced-zone representation for  - k diagram; Allowed number of states in a band 3
3. Electron Dynamics Group-velocity, electron dynamics from -k diagram and the concept of effective-mass and concept of holes; Conductivity in  relation to band structure; Band structure of metals and  semiconductors, and insulators; Band-overlap: why some metals  show positive charge carriers in Hall-effect 2
4. Semiconductors Band diagrams, direct and indirect bandgap, applications of  semiconductors ; Effective-mass of electron in conduction-band  and that of hole in valence-band 1
Intrinsic semiconductors: Fermi-level; Density-of-states near the  edges of conduction and valence-band; Fermi-dirac statistics  approximated by Maxwell-boltzman; Intrinsic charge-carrier  concentration, Law-of mass-action;
Direct vs Indirect Semiconductors, 
Extrinsic-semiconductor: hydrogen-model for rough estimate of  the donor and acceptor energy level, n- and p-type 
semiconductors; Population of impurity levels in thermal equilibrium, charge-carrier concentration in n- and p- type  semiconductors; Fermi-level, Degenerate and non-degenerate semiconductors, determination of dopant levels and mobility  measurements
Semiconductor Devices: p-n junction and solar cells; Bandgap  engineering: Solid-state LEDs, Lasers and IR detectors 3
5. Ionic conductors Ionic conduction – review of defect equilibrium and diffusion  mechanisms; Theory of ionic conduction, conduction in glasses;  Effect of stoichiometric and extrinsic defects on conduction,  2
Applications in sensors and fuel cells 2
6. Dielectric materials Dielectric constants and polarization, linear dielectric materials, capacitors; Polarization mechanisms; Non-linear dielectrics, pyro- , piezo-, and ferro-electric properties, hysterisis and ferroelectric  domains; 
Applications in sensors, actuators and memory devices
7. Magnetic materials Orbital and spin - permanent magnetic moment of atoms,  diamagnetism, paramagnetism, and Pauli-paramagnetism, 2
Ferro, anti-ferro and ferri magnetism, Fe, Co and Ni and alloy  additions, ferrites, magnetic hysteresis, exchange energy,  magnetocrystalline energy, magnetorestriction;
Highly correlated systems
Applications: Spintronics and memory devices
Superconductors, Multiferroic materials
8. Optical materials Light interaction with materials-transparency, translucency and  opacity, refraction and refractive index, reflection, absorption and  transmission ; LC materials
Application: LCD Displays
Total Lectures 42

Suggested text books and reference materials:

1. Electronic Properties of Materials: An Introduction for Engineers, Rolf E. Hummel, Springer Verlag, 1985
2. Physical Properties of Semiconductors, Charles M. Wolfe, Nick Holonyak and Gregory E. Stillman, Prentice Hall, 1989
3. Solid State Physics, Neil W. Ashcroft and N. David Mermin, Sauders College, Philadelphia, USA, 1976
4. Advanced Theory of Semiconductor Devices, Karl Hess, Prentice Hall, 1988
5. Advanced Semiconductor Fundamentals, Robert F. Pierret as part of Modular Series on Solid State Devices Vol. 6, Addison Wesley, 1989
6. Introduction to Solid State Physics, Charles Kittel, John Wiley & Sons 1991
7. Electrical Properties of Materials, L. Solymar and D. Walsh, Oxford University press, 1998
8. Physics of Solids, C. A. Wert and R.M. Thomson, McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1970 or later
9. "Physics of Semiconductor Devices" by J-P Colinge and C. A. Colinge, Kluwer Academic Pub. 2002
10. "Electronic Properties of Materials" by R. E. Hummel, Springer, 2011

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Course Number: MSE304
Course Title: Principles of Metals Extraction and Refining
Credits: (06) 2-0-0

TOPICS No. of 
1. Thermodynmics and Kinetics in metals extraction and refining Reaction equilibria; Heat effect of chemical reactions; oxide and  sulphide Ellingham diagram; Chemical potential; activity – composition relationships; solution; ideal and non ideal solution.  Interaction parameters; Sievert‟s law and solubility of gases in  metals, Chemical kinetics, Virtual maximum rate; rate limiting  steps; relative importance of mass transfer and chemical kinetics  in extractive metallurgy 4
2. Principles of Mineral Beneficiation Laws of communition; Crushing and grinding, Principles of  heavy media separation; Principles of froth floatation, magnetic  and electrostatic separation techniques with application in metal  extraction circuitry 4
3. Principles of  Pyro-metallurgy Pyro, hydro and elctro- metallurgical techniques; The sources of  energy in metal extraction; Principles of major pyro  metallurgical processes such as Drying, Calcinations, Roasting,  smelting ( including flash smelting), smelting of sulphides and  predominance area diagram; Their relevance to Iron, copper ,  lead, zinc extraction; Oxidizing refining and steelmaking; Energy  and material recovery ; slag and recycling issues 6
4. Principles of Electrometallurgy  Faraday‟s law; Electrolysis ;current density and efficiency;  Electrolyte resistance and its role; factors affecting electrolytic  resistance; impurity interference; cathodic deposits; Their  relevance to Aluminium and magnesium extraction ; specific  energy consumption in aluminum electrolytic cell ( Hall-Heroult  cell) 5
5. Principles of Hydrometallurgy Dissolution and Leaching; Solvent extraction, Treatment of  leached solution , Precipitation, cementation; Their relevance to  Bayer‟s Process, Gold and Silver extraction; Amalgamation 4
6. General issues related to metal extraction Choice of a specific route; grades of ore; specific energy consumption, waste recycling and treatment ; Environmental  impact 1
7. Refining of Metals Classification of dissolved impurities in metals; Common Impurities in metals and their origin; The effect of impurities on properties of metals with some specific examples Principles of  Fire-refining, electrolytic refining, zone refining and electroslag  refining, removal of gases from metals 3
Total lectures 27

Suggested text books :

1. DR Gaskel: An Introduction to Metallurgical Thermodynamics, McMillan Publishing Co., 1992
2. Barry Willis: Mineral Processing Technology, Elsevier
3. T.A.Engh: Principles of metal refining, Oxford Scientific Publications;1992
4. JJ More: Chemical Metallurgy, Butterworth, 1990
5. Terkel Rosenqvist: Principles of Extractive Metallurgy, 2nd Edition, Tapiar Academic Press

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Course Number: MSE305
Course Title: Materials Processing
Credits: (06) 2-0-0

TOPICS No. of Lectures
1. Solidification Processing Introduction; Mold, Feeder and Riser Design in  Casting 1
Fluidity Considerations 1
Semi-Solid Processing (solidification processing of  metal-ceramic or dispersed systems; thixotropic  behaviour; rheocasting; spray-casting) 2
Continuous Casting of Steels 1
Casting Defects 1
Case Studies 1
2. Mechanical Working Workability of Materials 1
Forging (open die and closed die forging; forging  load calculation) 1
Rolling (classification of different rolling mills and  their applications; roll bite condition; rolling load  calculation) 2
Extrusion (direct and indirect extrusion; load displacement relationship; extrusion load;  hydrostatic extrusion) 1
Sheet Metal Forming (deep drawing; forming-limit  diagram) 1
Defects in Mechanically Worked Materials 1
3. Metal and Ceramic Powder Processing Powder Production and Characterization 2
Powder Compaction (pressing operation and press  selection; stress distribution during compaction;  guidelines for part geometry); Cold-Isostatic  Pressing 1
Solid-State Sintering (phenomenological aspect of  sintering; Kuczynksi’s equation; Herring’s scaling  law; microstructural evolution); Grain Size – Density and Grain Size – Pore Size Relationship  during Sintering; Liquid Phase Sintering (stages of  liquid phase sintering; supersolidus sintering);  Pressure-Assisted Sintering (hot-pressing and hot isostatic pressing) 3
Select Case Studies 1
4. Thin-Film and Coating Techniques Introduction to Vacuum Technology
  • Why a high vacuum is required
  • Operational principles of various mechanical  pumps as well as limitations
  • Operation of high vacuum pumps such as oil  diffusion pumps
  • Principles of UHV pumps such as ion and getter pumps
  • How can one create non-equilibrium  structures via thin film processing i.e.  kinetic effects
Role of cleanliness in devices and processing
Physical Vapour Deposition Processes: Thermal and  e-beam evaporation, Molecular beam epitaxy,  sputtering and laser ablation 2
Chemical deposition: Chemical vapour deposition,  atomic layer deposition and solution processing,  Role of heat treatments 1
Plasma Spray Coating 1
Case Studies 1
Total lectures 28

Suggested text books:

1. R.W. Heine, C.R. Loper, and P.C. Rosenthal, Principles of Metal Casting, 2nd ed., 1967. 2. A. Upadhyaya, G.S. Upadhyaya: Powder Metallurgy -Science, Technology and Materials (2011) 3. Donald Leonard Smith "Thin-film deposition: principles and practice", McGraw Hill 4. J.N. Harris, Mechanical Working of Metals- Theory & Practice, Pergamon Press, Exeter, UK, 1983.

Reference Material:

1. M.C. Flemmings, Solidification Processing.
2. R.M. German, Powder Metallurgy Science, 2nd ed (2008)
3. B. Basu, K. Balani: Advanced Structural Ceramics, J. Wiley & Sons, Inc. (2011).
4. G.E. Dieter, Mechanical Metallurgy, McGraw Hill, Inc., London, UK, 1992.
5. W.F. Hosford and R.M. Caddell, Metal Forming- Mechanics & Metallurgy, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, USA, 1983.
6. Milton Ohring "The Materials Science of Thin Films", Academic Press 1992
7. Donald A. Neamen, "Semiconductor Physics and Devices", 3rd edition, McGraw Hill, 2007.
8. S. M. Sze, "Physics of Semiconductor Devices" John Wiley and Sons
9. S.A. Campbell, "The Science and Engineering of Microelectronic Fabrication"

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Course Number: MSE311
Course Title: Physical Metallurgy Laboratory
Credits: (3) 0-0-3

Suggested list of experiments

No. Title of the experiment

Metallographic specimen preparation


Optical microscopy of illustrative Ferrous samples


Optical microscopy of Non-Ferrous samples


Optical microscopy of Ceramic samples: Colour metallography and phase contrast  microscopy of non-metallic materials


Quantitative metallography and image analysis


X-ray powder diffraction in materials analysis


Study of nucleation and growth in eutectoid steel


Carburization of Steel and Hardenability of steel


Recovery and Recrystallisation


Thermal analysis using DSC to study phase transformations


Bubble raft experiments


Stereographic projections

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Course Number: MSE312
Course Title: Functional Materials Laboratory
Credits: (3) 0-0-3

Suggested list of experiments

No. Title of the experiment
1 Ionic conductivity 
  • Conductivity measurement as a function of temperature for different samples
2 Dielectric and ferroelectric/piezoelectric materials
  • Measurement of dielectric constant
  • Hysteresis loop
3 Optical behavior of Liquid Crystals
  • Measure response to applied field
  • Measure the transmittance
  • Measure threshold voltage
4 Fabrication of organic light emitting diodes
  • Partial fabrication of organic polymer light emitting diodes
  • Characterization of an OLED
5 Magnetic materials
  • Magnetoresistance
  • M-H curves
6 Semiconductor characterization
  • Semiconductors resistivity
  • Hall measurement
  • Bandgap measurement
7 & 8 Solar cell fabrication and characterization
  • Fabrication of organic photovoltaic cells (PV) cells
  • Characterization of solar cells
9 Processing of biomaterials
  • Fabricate biomaterials using 
    1. compression molding (for entire component), and
    2. electrostatic spraying (for coatings)
10 Tribology of bio-coatings
  • Tribology of two samples: (i) polymer with modifier (ii) polymer without modifier  for comparison purpose. 
  • Comparison with metallic substrates (demo).
11 Biomimetics/ Surface modification
  • Effect of surface energy on wetting of surfaces.
  • Samples prepared by the students 🡪 measuring the contact angle. 
  • Role of surface roughness/ chemistry on affecting the wettability of surface.
12 Effect of surface modification on Bacteria/ Cell growth
  • Effect of surface modification/functionalization characterized by comparing cell  growth/proliferation on treated versus pristine surfaces.
  • One or more of the following will be performed by students to learn cell response:
    1. Role of surface chemistry (hydrophobic/ hydrophilic and hydrophobic/ hydrophilic + modifier)
    2. Role of surface roughness
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Course Number: MSE313
Course Title: Mechanical Behaviour Laboratory
Credits: (3) 0-0-3

Suggested list of experiments ( any seven experiments from the list of 9)

No. Title of experiment
1. Determination of tensile properties of different classes of materials
2. Principles of Hardness Testing: comparison of different hardness measurement  techniques
3. Impact Testing of Materials: Charpy Impact Test
4. Creep Testing of Materials
5. Fatigue Testing
6. Strain Ageing and Yield Point Phenomenon
7. Observation of dislocations by using the etch pitting technique
8. Effect of Work-Hardening on Tensile Properties of Metals.
9. Plastic Anisotropy
10 Project

Some possible project areas:

1. Determination of DBTT for different crystal structures. (e.g., low C steel, Al)
2. Superplastic deformation of materials.
3. Environmentally Assisted Cracking of Materials, e.g., Hydrogen Embrittlement.
4. Failure Analysis of real life problems using various testing and characterization techniques.
5. To study the effect of solid-solution strengthening on mechanical properties in metal systems, e.g., brass with increasing amount of Zn.
6. To study precipitation hardening in metal systems, e.g., Duralumin.
7. Effect of heat treatment on microstructure and mechanical properties of steels.
8. Investigation of the Hall Petch relationship in polycrystals, e.g., 304 stainless steel.
9. Effect of heat treatment on the mechanical properties of work-hardened materials.
10. Fracture strength of brittle materials.
11. Viscoelastic behaviour of polymers.

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Course Number: MSE314
Course Title: Process Engineering Laboratory
Credits: (3) 0-0-3

Suggested list of experiments

No. Title of Experiment
1 Measurement techniques
  • Calibration and measurement of liquid flow rate using orifice meter and rotameter.
  • Temperature measurements using thermocouple and pyrometer.
2 Laminar fluid flow
  • Viscosity measurement of liquids using torsional flow apparatus.
  • Validation of fully-developed velocity profile in Poiseuille flow  using flow rate measurement.
3 Macroscopic energy balance (Bernoulli‟s equation)
  • Filling of overhead tanks from a reservoir through a piping system  consisting of valves, expansion/contraction joints, and bends.
4 Steady and unsteady conduction heat transfer
  • Steady state conduction heat transfer in single and composite solids  using spatial temperature measurements. 
Solidification time in sand moulds
5 Convective heat transfer
  • Determining natural heat transfer coefficients for heat transfer through a fin with the help of spatial temperature measurements.
6 Radiation heat transfer
  • Comparison of calculated and measured radiation heat flux from an  electrical source inside a chamber with a thin conductive metal strip  placed at the mouth of the chamber. 
    • Radiation flux will be calculated by measuring the steady state  temperature of the metal strip.
    • Temperature of the heat source to be measured by an optical  pyrometer.
7 Mass transfer
  • Measurement of mass transfer coefficient under natural and forced convection, and visualization of boundary layer dynamics.
8 Thermodynamics
  • Dissociation of limestone.
  • Determining heat of reaction with a bomb calorimeter.
9 Kinetics
  • Reduction of oxides
    • Determining rate controlling step using the shrinking core model.
10 Mineral processing
  • Particle size analysis.
  • Demonstration of froth flotation, magnetic and electrostatic separators.
11 Hydrometallurgy I
  • Pressure leaching in an autoclave and precipitation.
12 Hydrometallurgy II
  • Solvent extraction of copper using a mixer-settler.
13 Process metallurgy I
  • Flow visualization in an air-agitated tank.
  • Measurement of mixing times in an air/impeller-agitated tank.
14 Process metallurgy II
  • Flow visualization, particle dynamics and pressure drop measurements in a fluidized bed reactor.
15 Electrochemistry
  • Measurement of standard and non-standard reduction potential.
  • Validation of Faradays law for deposition of copper.
  • Overpotential measurements for determining constants in Tafel’s equation.
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Course Number: MSE315
Course Title: Manufacturing Process Laboratory
Credits: (3) 0-0-3

Suggested list of experiments

No. Title of the Experiment
1 Deformation Behavior of Metals during Rolling and study of the associated microstructural changes
2 Fluidity Measurement during Casting
3 Permanent mold casting and casting defect evaluation
4 Effect of MMAW and MIG Welding on the Microstructure and HAZ in Steels
5 TIG and OAW Welding of Aluminium Alloys
6 To Study Various Characteristics of Metal Powders and Evaluate the effect of  particle size and shape on the green density, apparent density and green strength of  cold-compacted powders
7 Conventional and Microwave Sintering of Particulate Compacts
8 PM Design of Engineering Components (CD-Based Design Expt)
9 Structural Nano-Materials through ECAP
10 Spray Forming of Alloys and MMCs
11 Micro-Extrusion of Alloys
12 Injection molding of thermoplastic polymers (e.g. PE, PP)
13 3-Dimensional Printing (3DP) of designed structures
14 Thin film deposition using evaporation technique