Shri Avinash Chander
Secretary Department of Defence R&D, DG R&D and SA to RM, Govt. of India
Director General (DRDO), India
Title: Challenges & Research Opportunities in UAS Control and Guidance
Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) have become an integral part of integrated digital
battlefield systems apart from its promising role on civilian applications. The never ending
interest of the human’s to fly expanded the scope of UAS from the traditional “dull” missions like
mere surveillance and reconnaissance to “dangerous” missions like combat and offensive roles,
complementing the manned aircrafts. The entire research on the unmanned aerial systems shifted
its focus from flight control to mission control, in-order to achieve on-board path re-plan that
completes the solo autonomy hierarchy. These groups of solo autonomous UAS enable to achieve
complex group missions leading to the highest level of full autonomous systems, which requires no
human intervention during any phases of its mission.
The immediate challenge for the researchers is to achieve complete on-board situational
awareness that fuses the data from various sensing elements to identify the friendly and enemy
resources and provides all necessary information to mission control system. The next challenge is
to design and develop algorithms that enable cooperative missions demonstrating coordination,
tactical path and goal replan. These challenges provides wide range of research opportunities in
the area of flight control, cooperative mission control covering the inter-disciplinary domain of
aeronautics, control, image processing, operational research, computer science and communication.
The present talks elaborates the history of aerial vehicle, re-emphasis the need and
importance of unmanned aerial systems with respect to Indian context, elaborates the technology
challenges and discuss the various research opportunities.
Shri Avinash Chander, Secretary Dept of Def R&D & Scientific Advisor to Raksha Mantri
graduated in Electrical Engineering from IIT Delhi. He joined DRDO in August 1972. Under his
leadership, DRDO has carried out extensive Research and indigenous development of critical defense
technologies, denied under MTCR. His pioneering research in the navigation and guidance systems
with Innovative Energy Management Guidance Scheme has enabled utilization of Solid Propulsion,
providing main thrust for Long Range Missile System.
He started his career in DRDO with ibinitio design and development of INS systems for
aerospace applications and developed First Inertial Navigation System in the country. He is
the Chief Architect of the Long Range Ballistic Missiles AGNI in India. Under his able leadership
Agni-5,a Strategic Weapon of 5000km range, has successfully been tested, giving India the Strong
Deterrence against its nuclear armed adversaries and is a nation’s pride today to have joined an
elite club of five advanced countries. Series of Agni missiles have already been inducted into the
services providing cutting edge, decisive strategic weapon systems to the Armed Forces. Recently, his
empowered vision culminated in Initial Operational Clearance of indigenously developed fighter aircraft
He lead challenging state-of-the-art system development in both Strategic and Tactical
Missiles and associated technologies. He took over as Secretary, Deptt. of Defence R & D & SA to RM
on 01June 2013.
He is a Fellow of Indian National Academy of Engineers, Fellow of System Society of India,
Fellow of Andhra Pradesh Academy of Sciences, and Fellow & Vice-President of Astronautical
Society of India. He is recipients of numerous awards and honours for his outstanding contributions
like DRDO scientist of the year 1989, Astronautical Society of India Award for the year 1997 in the
field of Rocketry, AGNI Self-Reliance Award in 1999, Dr. Biren Roy Space Science Award in 2000,
DRDO Award for the year in 2007 for Path Breaking Research/Outstanding Technology Development,
Outstanding Technologist Award 2008 by Punjab Technical University, Jalandhar, DRDO Technology
Leadership Award 2008 and Distinguished Alumnus Award outstanding contribution towards National
Development Award 2011 of IIT, Delhi. He was conferred upon ‘Padma Shree’ award by the President
of India in 2013.
In addition, as a professional recognition, he has been awarded Doctor of Science (Honorius
Causa) in Science & Technology by ‘Sastra University’, Tanjore, Tamilnadu , Jawaharlal Nehru
Technological University, Hyderabad and recently by SRM University, Chennai.
Prof. Klaus Schilling
University of Wuerzburg
Title: Optimisation and Control of Distributed Multi-Satellite Networks
A paradigm shift is emerging in spacecraft engineering from single, large, and multifunctional satellites towards cooperating groups of small satellites. Using modern miniaturization techniques, the UWE-Program (University Wuerzburg's Experimental satellites) implements complete satellites at a mass of just 1 kg to develop step by step the relevant technologies for pico-satellite formation flying. The miniaturization implies higher susceptibility to noise effects, which needs to be corrected by advanced sensor data processing and control approaches.
In preparation of distributed multi-satellite systems, our team has already two satellites in orbit, emphasizing core components for formation flying, like communication via Internet Protocols (UWE-1, launched 2005) and attitude determination (UWE-2, launched 2009). In 2013 attitude control (UWE-3) based on integrated magnetic torquers and one reaction wheel, as well as orbit control (UWE-4) by an electric propulsion system on basis of vacuum arc thrusters are prepared for demonstration in orbit. Efficient operations of such distributed systems raise challenging tasks combining control topics with approaches in communication, man-machine interfaces, tele-operations, autonomous reaction capabilities, sensor and data processing systems. Exchange of navigation data via communication links form the basis for local autonomous control capabilities, which are to be coordinated with remote human teleoperators, in particular for challenging time critical situations.
As next step formation control for four pico-satellites in-orbit are analyzed. This objective requires innovative multi-satellite networked orbit control based on relative position and attitude of each satellite. Related sensor and control systems used are already tested in our laboratory in research for cooperating teams of mobile robots, and will be transferred to the space environment. Breakthroughs are expected by combining optimal control strategies for coordination of relative motion with a robust flow of information in the network of satellites and ground stations, implemented via delay tolerant networks and ad-hoc networks in space. This approach should offer the basis to demonstrate autonomous distributed formation control in orbit with significant application potential for future satellite services in Earth and Space Weather observations based on multipoint measurements.
Prof. Dr. Schilling worked in space industry on design of interplanetary satellites (including HUYGENS to the Saturnian Moon Titan and ROSETTA for cometary exploration) before he became Ordinarius Informatics VII: Robotics and Telematics at University Würzburg. In parallel he is president of the company „Zentrum für Telematik e.V.“. At Stanford University he was Consulting Professor 2002-2006 .
He received 2012 an Advanced Grant from the European Research Council (one of the highest valued European Awards) for networked satellites system control and was recipient of the Walter-Reis-Award for Innovations in Robotics 2008 and 2012. He is corresponding member of the International Academy of Astronautics. In the International Federation on Automatic Control (IFAC) he serves since 2008 as Chairman of „Technical Committee on Telematics“ and at IEEE he was appointed 2006 - 2012 as chairman of the „Technical Committee on Networked Robotics“.
Prof. M. Nazmul Karim
Artie McFerrin Department of Chemical Engineering
Texas A&M University, Texas,
Title: Identification, Control, and Monitoring of Complex Chemical and Biochemical Systems
Six sigma and lean manufacturing are the inevitable trends in the future chemical and biochemical industries. The traditional system identification, control and monitoring
techniques encounter the bottleneck for the purpose of quality control and plant-wide management. To satisfy the increasing demand to understand, analyze and optimize
complex systems, new identification, control and monitoring techniques will be explored in this presentation. New frameworks of system control and real-time optimization
are proposed. Several technologies are introduced to serve as new tools of system identification and monitoring. Three applications at different scales based on distinct
principles are studied to illustrate the core ideas: a) a new approach is proposed to effectively assess the model structure in multivariate data analysis which can be
used in data-based modeling; b) a case study involving productivity optimization of renewable bioethanol is used to illustrate a new first-principle modeling for biochemical
fermentation; c) a new framework is proposed to realize online optimization of protein production in the fed-batch fermentation process;
Prof. Saeid Nahavandi
Centre for Intelligent Systems Research
Deakin University, Australia
Title: A highly interactive 3D programmable surface
This presentation will focus on design, modularity, development and control of a highly interactive programmable surface created within the CISR. The system is comprised of thousands of pneumatic cylinders controlled simultaneously in real-time to create a highly dynamic and responsive 3 dimensional surface. The idea behind this research project was the creation of a dynamically responsive surface that configures in real-time according to input from a variety of electronic inputs (movements, sound, etc). The surface is also viewed potentially as a universal motional simulator platform. A simulator that was developed for ease of system reconfiguration demonstrates the translation of complex mathematical functions into 3D shapes in the virtual world before being generated on the real surface.
Application areas span from optical telescope to product manufacturing and giant 3D screens billboards for advertising and artwork.
Saeid Nahavandi received his BSc (Hons), MSc and PhD in Control Engineering from Durham University, UK in 1985, 1986 and 1991 respectively.
Saeid is an Alfred Deakin Professor and the Director for the Centre for Intelligent Systems Research at Deakin University in Australia.
Professor Nahavandi is a Fellow member of IET, IEAust and Senior Member of IEEE and has published over 450 refereed papers and been awarded several competitive Australian Research Council (ARC) grants over the past five years. He received the Research collaboration / initiatives award from Japan (2000) and Prince & Princess of Wales Science Award in 1994. He won the title of Young Engineer of the Year Award in 1996 and holds two patents. In 2002 Professor Nahavandi served as a consultant to the Jet Propulsion Lab (NASA) during his visit to JPL Labs. In 2006 he received the title of Alfred Deakin Professor, the highest honour at Deakin University for his contribution to fundamental research.
Professor Nahavandi is the founder of the Centre for Intelligent Systems Research with 60 full time researchers at Deakin University. In modelling and simulation of complex systems he has received awards from several organisations to focus on simulation based optimization of manufacturing processes, airport operations, logistics and distribution centres. He has carried out industry based research with several major international companies such as GM, Ford, Holden, Nissan, Bosch, Futuris, Boeing, Vestas just to name a few.
Professor Nahavandi has been the Chairman of eight International conferences and the General Chair and Co-Chair for the World Manufacturing Congress series and the International Congress on Autonomous Intelligent Systems and IEEE SMC 2011. He is Co Editor-in-Chief for IEEE Systems Journal and Editorial Board Member for IEEE Access.
Prof Shuzhi Sam Ge
Social Robotics Lab, Interactive Digital Media Institute,
National University of Singapore,
Title: Intelligent Control of Robots in Interacting with Unknown Environments
Robots are expected to participate in and learn from intuitive, long term interaction with humans, and be safely deployed in myriad social applications ranging from elderly care,
entertainment to education. They are also envisioned to collaborate and co-work with human beings in the foreseeable future for productivity, service, and operations with guaranteed quality.
In this talk, I will present some of our recent works on control of robots in interacting with unknown environments. When human beings interact with an unknown environment, they have a skill to adjust
their limb impedance to achieve a certain objective by evaluating the feedback information from the environment. It is possible to apply this learning skill to robot control. In specific, suppose that the robot dynamics follow an impedance model, its parameters can be adjusted such that a certain cost function is reduced iteratively. Besides impedance learning, trajectory adaptation is another human skill which can be realized by robot control. In a typical human-robot collaboration application, the robot under impedance control is guaranteed to be compliant to the force applied by the human partner. In this way, the robot passively follows the motion of its human partner. Nevertheless, as the robot refines its motion according to the interaction force, it will act as a load when the human partner intents to change the motion. Trajectory adaptation will be developed to resolve this problem such that zero force tracking can be achieved by updating the virtual desired trajectory of the robot.
Shuzhi Sam Ge is the founding Director of Social Robotics Lab, Interactive Digital Media Institute, and Professor of Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, the National University
of Singapore; and Director of the Robotics Institute, and Professor of School of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, China.
He received his BSc degree from Beijing University of Aeronautics & Astronautics in 1986, and PhD degree and DIC from the Imperial College, London in 1993. He has (co)-authored six books and
over 300 international journal and conference papers. He has been playing a leading role in fundamental research in robotics, intelligent control and rehabilitation.
He serves/served as Vice President for Membership Activities, 2011-2012, Vice President of Technical Activities, 2009-2010, Member of Board of Governors, 2007-2009, and Chairman of the Technical
Committee of Intelligent Control, 2005-2008, IEEE Control Systems Society (CSS). He serves as Editor-in-Chief of the International Journal of Social Robotics, Springer, and served/serves as an Associate
Editor for a number of flagship journals including IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control, IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology, IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks, and Automatica, Book Editor
for Taylor & Francis Automation and Control Engineering Series. He is a Fellow of IEEE, IFAC, IET and SAEng.
Prof. Thomas Jones
Stellenbosch, South Africa
Title: An anthology of unmanned aircraft automation successes at Stellenbosch University
Abstract :The Electronic Systems Laboratory (ESL) is located within the Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering of Stellenbosch University. It is arguably the most prominent aerospace control and dynamics laboratory on the African continent.
The ESL was e.g. responsible for the creation of the continent’s first operational satellites: SUNSat and SumbandilaSat, both low-earth-orbit observation satellites. For the past two decades the laboratory has been home to more than 45 graduate students each year, serving clients such as Airbus, Armscor, the South African CSIR, the National Aerospace Center and many others. One of the major research drives in the laboratory is aimed towards the automation of Unmanned Aircraft (UA). The laboratory settled on a three-pronged approach towards improving the state of the art, namely: automation and control of aircraft dynamics; fault detection and isolation; and flight testing and regulatory studies. This plenary lecture serves as a whistle-stop tour of the successes of the ESL in terms of UA automation with a focus on the development of suitable theory and the practical implementation and testing of the developed solutions. As such, the lecture includes insights into the driving forces behind theoretical developments, as well as flight test results (including insightful video demonstrations). The lecture will illustrate how careful observation, detailed analysis and the application of advanced techniques may often lead us to relatively simple answers and quite general conclusions to very challenging problems.
After receiving his BEng and MScEng degrees in Electrical and Electronic Engineering from Stellenbosch University (SU) in South Africa (SA) Prof Jones started his aerospace career at Aerotek (a division of the CSIR at the time) and SU as a missile navigation and guidance system analyst.
He relocated to the USA to join the CS Draper/MIT Technology Development Partnership Programme and was appointed as manager of this development programme whilst completing his PhD at MIT’s Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics. He has more than 15 years of experience designing and testing control systems for a large variety of challenging dynamic systems ranging from automated flight control for in-flight refuelling of Airbus tanker aircraft to pulse stabilisation of solid state lasers. His specialty lies in creating practical and innovative solutions to aerospace control challenges on helicopters, fixed-wing aircraft, missiles and just about any other vehicle that can fly. Prof Jones currently leads a team of 30 graduate students and academic staff specialising in aircraft and unmanned system automation at SU.
He has forged strong research partnerships with many SA and international organisations, including Airbus (France, Germany and the UK), Armscor, Denel, the CSIR, the National Aerospace Centre, the National Test Pilot School (USA) and various universities around the globe.
In 2008 he co-founded S-Plane Automation, a company successfully specialising in the development of high-end aircraft avionics and automation sub-systems serving the international market.
Prof. Jones is inter alia a member of IFAC’s Technical Committee on Aerospace, an Associate-Editor of Control Engineering Practice and a member of the Executive Committee of the South African Council for Automatic Control (an IFAC NMO). He has served on SA Parliamentary Grant Review committees, review committees for the SA National Research Foundation, regulatory workgroups for the SA Civil Aviation Authority, organising committees for various academic conferences and serves as a member of the Advisory Board of the National Aerospace Center of the SA Department of Trade and Industry.
Prof. Thomas Wu
Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science,
University of Central Florida,
Title: High-Speed Electric Machine – Design, Optimization and Control
High speed electric machines can achieve very high power output with very small size and weight compared to conventional designed machines.
The high speed and high power density make them favorable in various applications. In this presentation, we discuss the finite element
analysis (FEA) tools used in the design procedure to optimize the motor’s geometry and simulate its performance. Both magnetostatic and transient
analysis are done to examine the performance of the machine. We also report the close loop control and drive system design which is
challenging at super-high speed.
Prof. Thomas Wu received his Ph.D. degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Pennsylvania (Penn) in 1999. In the Fall of 1999,
he joined the University of Central Florida (UCF) as an assistant professor. He was promoted to associate professor in 2005, and professor
in 2011. He serves as the Director of the Center for Advanced Electric Machinery (CAEM) at UCF. He is also an associate editor of the IEEE
Transactions on Industrial Applications. Prof. Wu was ASEE Summer Faculty Fellow at Air Force Research Lab (AFRL) in the Summer of 2009 and
2010. He was also appointed as the prestigious National Research Council (NRC) Senior Research Associate at AFRL from September 2010 to
August 2012. Since joining UCF, he has been working on multi-physics modeling, optimization, design, fabrication and control of advanced
electrical machines and complex electromagnetics devices, and has been PI or Co-PI for over 40 research projects. He has published over 75
journal and 150 conference papers, and has guided 16 PhD students to finish their PhD dissertations. His current research interests include
high speed electric machines, multi-physics modeling and optimization, transportation electrification, high efficiency electric machines,
variable frequency AC drives, SiC devices, voltage regulator module (VRM), etc.
Prof. Qing-Chang Zhong
Distinguished Lecturer, IEEE Power Electronics Society
Chair Professor in Control and Systems Engineering
Department of Automatic Control and Systems Engineering
University of Sheffield, UK
Title: Next-Generation Smart Grids:
Completely Autonomous Power Systems (CAPS)
Power systems are going through a paradigm change from centralised generation, to distributed generation, and further on to smart grids. A huge number of renewable energy sources, electric vehicles, and storage systems etc. are being connected to power systems. Moreover, various loads are being required to take part in demand responses and to improve energy efficiency. These make it impossible to control and operate power systems in the conventional way, simply because of the huge number of players in the system. In this lecture, an architecture and its associated distributed control strategy, which are based on the inherent synchronisation mechanism of conventional synchronous generators, are presented for next-generation smart grids so that the majority of the players, including all conventional power plants, new add-ons of suppliers and most loads, will be able to synchronise with each other to achieve autonomous operation and maintain system stability, without the need of a dedicated communication network. The function of communication is achieved through control.
Qing-Chang Zhong is the Chair Professor in Control and Systems Engineering at the Department of Automatic Control and Systems Engineering, The University of Sheffield, UK. He is a Distinguished Lecturer of IEEE Power Electronics Society (2014-2015) and is invited to represent the UK at the European Control Association. In 2012-2013, he spent a six-month sabbatical at the Cymer Center for Control Systems and Dynamics (CCSD), University of California, San Diego, USA and an eight-month sabbatical at the Center for Power Electronics Systems (CPES), Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, USA. He received his PhD degree in control and power engineering (awarded the Best Doctoral Thesis Prize) from Imperial College London, London, UK, in 2004, and a PhD degree in control theory and engineering from Shanghai Jiao Tong University in 2000. He (co-)authored three research monographs: Control of Power Inverters in Renewable Energy and Smart Grid Integration (Wiley-IEEE Press, 2013), Robust Control of Time-Delay Systems (Springer-Verlag, 2006), Control of Integral Processes with Dead Time (Springer-Verlag, 2010). His fourth research monograph entitled Completely Autonomous Power Systems (CAPS): Next Generation Smart Grids is scheduled to appear in 2015. He, jointly with G. Weiss, invented the synchronverter technology to operate inverters to mimic synchronous generators, which was awarded Highly Commended at the 2009 IET Innovation Awards. He is the architect of the next-generation smart grid and a Specialist recognised by the State Grid Corporation of China (SGCC), a Fellow of the Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET), a Senior Member of IEEE, the Vice-Chair of IFAC TC 6.3 (Power and Energy Systems) responsible for the Working Group on Power Electronics and was a Senior Research Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering/Leverhulme Trust, UK (2009–2010). He serves as an Associate Editor for IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, IEEE Access and the Conference Editorial Board of the IEEE Control Systems Society. His research focuses on advanced control theory and its applications in various sectors, including power electronics, renewable energy and smart grid integration, electric drives and electric vehicles, robust and H-infinity control, time-delay systems, process control, mechatronics. He has delivered workshops and tutorials at ACC2012, IEEE IECON 2012, IEEEE CDC 2012 and ACC2013 and is invited to give plenary talks at the Fourth IEEE Conference on Power Electronics for Distributed Generation Systems in Rogers, Arkansas, July 8-11, 2013, and the 6th IEEE Annual Green Technologies Conference in Corpus Christi, Texas, April 3-4, 2014, and a Distinguished Lecture at the 26th Chinese Control and Decision Conference, Changsha, China, May 31-June 2, 2014.