Core Archive and Analysis Facility

Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur

Supported by

        Science of Shallow Sub-surface (SSS) Program, Department of Science and Technology, Govt. of India



Ganga Corridor

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    Ganga corridor


    The Ganga Plains, one of the key corridors of the SSS programme, constitute one of the world’s most extensive alluvial tracts and are home to hundreds of millions of people, mostly dependent on agriculture.  The Ganga plains are of great significance from an academic standpoint, as they hold important clues regarding the tectonic and climatic factors that governed the interaction between the Himalayan orogen and the Foreland.  Understanding the landforms of the Ganga Plains, - their origin, development and dynamic imprints is therefore of critical significance to plan effectively for sustainable development of the region and to track changes in the alluvial landscape on different time scales – for example decadal, century, millennial and higher order time scales of 104 – 105 years. 


    The general non-availability of sub-surface geological data and drill cores has been a serious impediment on advancing our understanding of the history of alluvial plain sedimentation. The projects funded under the SSS programme has provided a major impetus to fill these gaps. Keeping in view the considerable geomorphic diversity in the Ganga plains, particularly from the Himalayan mountain front to the cratonic margin and also in an west to east transect we proposed to study alluvial stratigraphic development along segments of a N-S and E-W transects in the Ganga plains, three major areas of interest were identified:

    1. Mountain exits of the Ganga river

    2. Ganga-Yamuna interfluve between Kanpur and Kalpi in western Ganga plains

    3. Gandak megafan in the eastern Ganga plains.


    Following are the specific research objectives for the Ganga corridor:

    1. To understand the evolutionary history of the mountain exits of the Ganga river system.

    2. To understand the stratigraphic framework and stratal architecture in the wide interfluve of the Ganga and Yamuna rivers

    3. To understand the surface processes, sub-surface properties and their dynamics in an extensively used floodplain.

    4. To develop a core archive facility at IIT, Kanpur for preservation, maintenance and management of the drill cores.