A Network Analyzer is an instrument that measures the network parameters of electrical networks. Network Analyzers commonly measure S-parameters because reflection and transmission of electrical networks are easy to measure at high frequencies. Network analyzers are often used to characterize two-port active and passive devices, but they can also be used on networks with an arbitrary number of ports. Vector error correction, which improves measurement accuracy by removing the effects of inherent measurement-system errors, requires both magnitude and phase data to build an effective error model. Phase-measurement capability is very important even for scalar measurements such as return loss, in order to achieve a high level of accuracy

Unique Features:

N5230A PNA-L Network Analyzer is one of the variants of the Vector Network Analyzer (VNA). It works in the frequency range of 10 MHz – 50 GHz. Its dynamic range is 108 dB. This Network Analyzer offers OSL/TRL calibration and waveguide measurements.


Microwave Circuit Laboratory, Department of Electrical Engineering,
IIT Kanpur


Prof.Kumar Vaibhav Srivastava

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