Global warming and climate change issues have been adversely affecting the Himalayan glaciers, which feed a number of large rivers in Indian subcontinent. However, the impacts of climate change on the hydrological budget of these rivers are currently not well known. Our group is trying to develop a hydro-geochemical model for snow/ice meltwaters to the headwaters of the Ganges River. The model will be developed using time-series observations of water discharge, physical (temperature, turbidity, and conductivity) and chemical (major ion and trace element concentrations, pH, dissolved oxygen, hydrogen and oxygen, as well as strontium isotopes) parameters of water samples near glaciated Ganges headwaters. We expect to characterize the seasonal and inter-annual δ18O and δ2H variability of Ganges River headwaters, and construct multi-component isotope and geochemical mixing models to quantify the relative contributions of rainwater, glacial melt, snow melt, and groundwater flow to the total discharge. Source apportionment of river water will be used to assess the impact on downstream ecosystem services due to the modification of hydrological regime, and will enable future predictions of change. We are also tracing the primary drivers of increased glacial melt in the central part of the Himalayan Glaciers


    Our group has recently (2015) installed PM10, PM2.5, and PM1 (particles less than 10, 205, and 1 μm in diameter) aerosol samplers at several locations including Kanpur, Harsil (remote village in Himalaya at 2500 m elevation) and Leh (Ladhak region) to understand the long distance transport and source of airborne particles in the Indo-Gangetic plains. We are using radioactive isotopes (Rb-Sr, Sm-Nd, U-Th-Pb, Re-Os) and trace element geochemistry in airborne particulate matters to understand their sources and pathways. The overarching goal is to combine aerosol geochemistry and atmospheric models to better understand atmospheric processes.


    Our group in close collaboration with Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution is studying the river water chemistry of Ganges River to understand the processes operating in the Ganges watershed area. In particular, we are trying to understand the chemical connection between Indian subcontinent and Bay of Bengal by quantifying chemical fluxes from land-to-ocean. We are also studying small flood plain rivers and trying to quantify their roles in controlling the chemistry of large river systems.  

  • Ongoing Projects

    2018-2022: Design and Development of Aquatic Autonomous Observatory (Niracara Svayamsasita VedhShala- NSVS) for In situ Monitoring, Real Time Data Transmission and Web based Visualization, IUSSTF, [Co-Principal Investigator]

    2018-2021: Dust or soot? Tracing the primary drivers of increased glacial melt of the Himalayan Glaciers [Principal Investigator]

    2018-2020: Magnitude and Pathways of Anthropogenic Platinum Group of Elements: Emerging Environmental Contamination in India [Principal Investigator]

    2018-2019: Arctic

    2016-2019: Integration of air mass trajectory models and 187Os/188Os isotope data to trace the long-range transport of atmospheric dust in India, Funding Agency: SERB, Government of India [Principal Investigator]

    2016-2019: An organometallic fingerprinting proxy to locate shale oil pools, Funding Agency, PAN IIT-ONGC Consortium, India [co-Principal Investigator]

    2015-2018: Establishing a Critical Zone Observatory (CZO) in the Ganga Basin: Focus on water balance, water quality, and hydro-meteorological information system, Funding Agency: MoES, Government of India [co-Principal Investigator]

    2013-2018: Vanadium isotopes in crude oil and organic rich source rocks: A new paleoredox proxy? INSPIRE Faculty Award, Government of India [Principal Investigator]

  • Completed Projects

    2014-2017: Effects of climate change on cryosphere-river linkages: Insights from seasonal and inter-annual variation of glacial melt discharge in the headwaters of the Ganges River; Funding Agency: Partnerships for enhanced engagement in research (PEER) science, National Academy of Sciences, USA [Principal Investigator]

    2014-2016: Isotope technique to evaluate the seasonal and inter-annual variation of glacial melt and snowmelt discharge at Gomukh and Mana, MoES Scoping Project. [Principal Investigator]

    2014-2016: Development of a low particulate metal free clean laboratory to support isotope analysis of water samples, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur. [Principal Investigator]