Electives
PHY 604 LTPD[C] 1300[4] 
REVIEW OF QUANTUM PHYSICS II Problemoriented survey of statistical mechanics, deuteron problem, nuclear scattering, alpha and beta decay, elementary particle phenomenology, crystal structure, symmetry, periodic potential, bands, metals and semiconductors. 

PHY 641 LTPD[C] 3000[4] 
ELEMENTS OF BIO AND MEDICAL PHYSICS Exponential growth and decay. fractal nature of mammalian organs, scaling laws in the animal world. Biostatics: modeling static aspects of anatomy; jaw, forearm, spinal column, hip, Achilles tendon etc. biodynamics: mechanics of motion, dynamic phenomenon such as walking, jumping, swimming etc. fracture and impulsive forces. Airbags and automobile collisions, ballistocardiography, basal metabolic rate. thermobiology. viscosity and turbulence, haemodynamics. the human circulatory system, blood pressure. the heart as a pump. Arteriosclerosis and coronary bypass. electrocardiograph, life at low Reynolds number. Modern physics: interaction of photons and charged particles with living matter, medical uses of Xrays, nuclear medicine, computerized axial tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. optical imaging; optical and thermal lasertissue interactions. spectroscopic techniques applied to biology, NMR, EPR, scattering, Raman spectroscopy, microscopy, ultrafast spectroscopy, IR spectroscopy, UVvisible absorption spectroscopy, fluorescence 

PHY 643 LTPD[C] 3000[4] 
LASER AND LASER SPECTRA Principles of laser action in atoms and molecules, HeNe laserinert gas laser, moleculer laser, dye laser, lamb shift spectroscopy, laser interaction in atoms and molecules 

PHY 644 LTPD[C] 3000[4] 
QUANTUM ELECTRONICS Semiclassical theory of lasers, single and multimode operation, gas laser theory, ring and Zeeman lasers, coherence in lasers. nonlinear optical phenomena, Feynman diagrams in multiphoton problems. 

PHY 646 LTPD[C] 3000[4] 
COHERENT OPTICS Fourier transforms, diffraction theory, coherence theory, twodimensional systems theory, optical processing, holography, holographic interferometry and its applications; astronomical correlation interferometry, optical resonators, nonlinear optics, phase conjugation. 

PHY 647 LTPD[C] 2104[5]] 
ELECTRONICS Survey of network theorems and network analysis, basic differential amplifier Professional circuit, op amp characteristics and applications, simple analog computer, analog integrated circuits, PLL, etc., digital electronics, gates, flipflops, counters etc., transducers, signal averaging, lockin amplifier, D/A & A/D converter, multichannel analyzer etc., introduction to microprocessors. 

EE 607 LTPD[C] 3000[4] 
WAVELET TRANSFORMS FOR SIGNAL AND IMAGE PROCESSING Basics of functional Analysis; Basics of Fourier Analysis; Spectral Theory; TimeFrequency representations; Nonstationary Processes; Continuous Wavelet Transforms; Discrete TimeFrequency Transforms; Multi resolution Analysis; TimeFrequency Localization; Signal Processing Applications; Image Processing Applications 

EE 680 LTPD[C] 2030[4] 
INTELLIGENT INSTRUMENTATION Introduction, data flow and graphical programming techniques, Virtual instrumentation (VI), advantages, VIs and SubVIs, Data acquisition methods, DAQ hardware, PC hardware; Structure, Operating system, ISA, PCI, USB, PCMICA buses, Instrumentation buses. IEEE 488.1 

EE 646 LTPD[C] 3000[4] 
PHOTONIC NETWORKS AND SWITCHING Optical communications: Introduction to basic optical communications and devices. Optical multiplexing techniques  Wavelength division multiplexing, Optical frequency division multiplexing, time division multiplexing, code division multiplexing. Optical Networks: Conventional optical networks, SONET / SDH, FDDI, IEEE 802.3, DQDB, FCS, HIPPI etc. Multiple access optical networks, Topologies, Single channel networks, Multichannel networks, FTFR, FTTR, TTFR and TTTR, Single hop networks, Multihop networks, Multiaccess protocols for WDM networks, Switched optical networks. Optical amplification in alloptical networks. Alloptical subscriber access networks. Design issues. Optical switching: Motivation, Spatial light modulator, Relational and nonrelational switching devices, Fundamental limits on optical switching elements, Switching architectures, Freespace optical switching. Wavelength routed networks and other special topics. Soliton based networks, Optical networks management issues. 

EE 644 LTPD[C] 3000[4] 
OPTICAL COMMUNICATION Semi classical theory of lasers, single and multimode operation, gas laser theory, ring and zeeman lasers, coherence in lasers, nonlinear optical phenomena. 

EE 612 LTPD[C] 3000[4] 
FIBER OPTIC SYSTEMS I Review of semiconductor physics  radiative recombination. LEDs, optical cavity,DH and other lasers. PIN and APD detectors, detector noise. Optical fibers  ray and mode theories, multimode and singlemode fibers, attenuation, dispersion. Gaussian beams. Power coupling, splices and connectors. 

EE 617 LTPD[C] 3000[4] 
FIBER OPTIC SYSTEMS II Fiber optic transmitter and receiver designs. Link analysis. Line Coding. Coherent optical communication systems. Multiplexing schemes. Local area networks, FDDI, SONET and SDH. Fiber optic sensors and signal processing. Optical Amplifier. Photonic Switching. Solutions in optical fibers 

EE 629 LTPD[C] 3000[4] 
DIGITAL SWITCHING
Network Architecture; time division multiplexing; digital switching; space & time division switching, cross point and memory requirements; blocking probabilities. traffic Analysis, model for circuit and packet switched systems, performance compari son; ISDN 

CHM 696 LTPD[C] 3000[4] 
QUANTUM COMPUTING The main objective of this course is to provide an overview of the interdisciplinary field of Quantum Computing and demystify the concept of quantum while linking it to computation and information science. It is aimed to bring out the concepts of quantum mechanics through linear algebra and matrix manipulation, which connects it to conventional computer science. The main advantages of quantum computing are demonstrated through reversibility and parallel processing while the difficulties in implementation and alghorithm development are treated with care. 

EE 609 LTPD[C] 3000[4] 
BASICS OF BIOMEDICAL SIGNAL AND IMAGE PROCESSING Speech and pathology of vocal tract/ cords, Perpetual coding of audio signal and data compression, Spatiotemporal nature of bioelectric signals, cardiac generator and its models, Specific digital technique for bioelectric signals, Modes of medical imaging. 

ME 685 LTPD[C] 3000[4] 
PROGRAMMING AND NUMERICAL ANALYSIS MATLAB, Mathematical modeling, algorithms, Taylor series expansion, root finding, interpolation, extrapolation; Solution of linear algebraic systems, determinant, inverse: norms and condition number; Solution of nonlinear algebraic systems. Numerical integration. R. K. Method, Solution of ODE and linear PDEs by finite differences. 

ME 688 LTPD[C] 3000[4] 
OPTICAL MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING Introduction to lasers, MachZender Interferometer, schlieren, Shadowgraph, Mie scattering, Image processing, scattered light photoelasticity, method of caustics, speckle, holography, optical comparators, transmission tomography, 3D temperature profile measurements, direct/iterative reconstruction algorithms, limited data problem, error analysis. 

ME 689 LTPD[C] 3000[4] 
MICROSCALE THERMAL ENGINEERING MicroMechanical systems (MEMS), Micro Channels, Heat pipes, jets, valves, Heat Sinks, Solar cells, Bearings, Pumps, Heat pipes, Jets, valves, Heat sinks, Solar Cells, Bearings, Pumps, Flow Sensors and actuators, Fins, Drug delivery systems, Mass, Momentum, Heat and charge transport equations, Characteristic Nondimensional parameters, Microscale Heat conduction, Heat transport in thin films and at solidsolid interfaces, Convective diffusion phenomena, Enzymesubstrate reactions, channel flow with soluble or rapidly reacting walls, solutions of electrolytes, Electric double layer, Electrokinetic phenomena, electroosmosis, Electroosmotic pumps, Surface tension driven flows, Coating flows, Thermocapillary flows, Molecular dynamics simulations. 

MTH 635 LTPD[C] 3000[4] 
WAVELETS AND APPLICATIONS Fourier transforms, Wavelets transforms and timefrequency analysis, Cardinal spline analysis, Scaling functions and wavelets, Cardinal spline wavelets, Orthogonal bases of compactly supported wavelets, Applications to signal analysis. 

AE 698 LTPD[C] 2030[4] 
INTRODUCTION TO VIRTUAL INSTRUMENTATION Introduction to VI, typical applications, functional systems, graphical programming, data flow techniques, advantages of VI techniques. VI programming techniques; VIs and subVIs, loops and charts, arrays, clusters and graphs, case and sequence structures, formula nodes, string and file I/O, DAQ methods, code interface nodes and DLL links. Sensors, transducers and signal conditioning; common transducers for displacement, temperature, load, pressure, flow etc. Single ended, floating and differential inputs, grounding, noise and filtering. Data acquisition basics; AD DAC, DIO, counters and timers, PC Hardware structure, timing, interrupts, DMA, operating system, PCI buses. Bus based instrumentation; instrumentation buses, GPIB, RS232C. 

CHM 614 LTPD[C] 3000[4] 
ORGANIC PHOTOCHEMISTRY Organic molecular transformations that are brought about by light will be discussed. 

CHM 636 LTPD[C] 3000[4] 
PHYSICAL PHOTOCHEMISTRY Theory of electronic absorption spectra, fluorescence and phosphorescence spectra, internal conversion and intersystem crossing, solvent effects on absorption and emission spectra, exciplexes and eximers, energy transfer 

CHM 637 LTPD[C] 3000[4] 
MOLECULAR SPECTROSCOPY Molecular Symmetry and Group Theory, Matrix Methods, Time dependent states and spectroscopy of vibration and rotation of diatomic molecules, rotation of polyatomic molecules, vibration of polyatomic molecules, electronic spectroscopy. 

CHM 699 LTPD[C] 3230[5] 
LASERS IN CHEMISTRY AND BIOLOGY Fundamentals of Lasers, laserinduced fluorescence and multiphoton ionization processes of molelcules, probing IVR and dynamics of chemical reactions in liquid and molecular beam, spectroscopy of single molecule, probing of proton dynamics, optical trapping and manipulations of biological macromolecules and organelles, confocal microscopy and fluorescence correlation spectroscopy, applications to diagnostics and biotechnology 

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